Idiodynamic Profiles of Cardiovascular Activity: A P-technique Approach

Friedman, Bruce H.; Santucci, Aimee K.
October 2003
Integrative Physiological & Behavioral Science;Oct-Dec2003, Vol. 38 Issue 4, p295
Academic Journal
A study was conducted to expand the conventional view of cardiovascular (CV) reactivity by using the idiodynamic paradigm for investigation of individuals. Patterns of autonomic CV regulation were assessed in six subjects across diverse laboratory tasks on three separate occasions. Individual CV profiles were derived from these data with P-technique factor analysis, and then group aggregated with chain P-technique. The composite pattern suggested a three-component solution consisting of cardiac rate, cardiac contractility, and peripheral resistance factors. Individual profiles were compared to the composite pattern; these profiles differed in the number of components derived, percentage variance explained by these components, and relative dominance of specific CV components. A hypothesis that emerged is that the subjects differed in the complexity of CV control. It appears that the idiodynamic framework, combined with novel research designs and statistical methods, may help expand the view of CV reactivity beyond the traditional unitary view as response magnitude.


Related Articles

  • Linking environmental change to strategic response: Some empirical evidence from the U.S. oil... Little, John L.; Li, Mingfang // Psychological Reports;Dec95 Part 2, Vol. 77 Issue 3, p1123 

    Examines the effects of changes in both environmental uncertainty and resource dependence in the external environment on the change in strategic orientation of organizations in the oil industry. Use of revenue flows during three distinguishable phases of growth; Strategic orientation and...

  • The use of a mental imagery intervention to enhance integrated regulation for exercise among women commencing an exercise program. Duncan, Lindsay; Hall, Craig; Wilson, Philip; Rodgers, Wendy // Motivation & Emotion;Dec2012, Vol. 36 Issue 4, p452 

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a mental imagery intervention designed to enhance integrated regulation for exercise among women commencing an exercise program. Healthy women who previously did not exercise regularly ( N = 102; M = 29.54, SD = 8.34) participated in an...

  • Understanding Persons Within Environments: An Introduction to Ecological Counseling. Conyne, Robert K.; Cook, Ellen P. // Ecological Counseling;2004, p3 

    Discusses the fundamentals of ecological counseling. Paradigms for explaining human behavior; Definition of ecological counseling; Principles underlying ecological counseling.

  • How places affect people. Gallagher, Winifred // Architectural Record;Feb1999, Vol. 187 Issue 2, p74 

    Provides insights on the influence of architecture on people as revealed by studies in environmental-behavioral science. Influence of light on human behavior; Individuals' association of certain behaviors to certain places regardless of personalities and experiences; Factors that create...

  • 24 hour holter monitoring: Relationship to cardiovascular mortality in a randomly selected sample...  // Age & Ageing;Jan97 Supplement, Vol. 26, p6 

    Presents an abstract of the study `24 Hour Holter Monitoring: Relationship to Cardiovascular Mortality in a Randomly Selected Sample of the Elderly,' by M. Jeffreys, D.A. Wood et al, presented during the communications to the autumn meeting of the British Geriatrics Society on October 3-4, 1996...

  • A Survey on Unobtrusive Measurements of the Cardiovascular Function and their Practical Implementation in Wheelchairs. Pinheiro, Eduardo; Postolache, Octavian; GirĂ£o, Pedro // Sensors & Transducers (1726-5479);Dec2010 Supplement, p182 

    Continuous monitoring of cardiovascular parameters is a growing necessity in developed countries. However, continuous monitoring implies the usage of obtrusive methods, inappropriate for extended periods. To be able to unobtrusively assess the body's cardiovascular and respiratory activity is a...

  • Embodying Tao in the 'Restorative University'. Jones, David // Sustainability Science;Jan2015, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p3 

    This paper proposes a new generative metaphor, the 'Restorative University' which embodies an associated Taoist human-nature narrative. It aims to counter what is contextualized here as the bio-cultural disconnection of universities despite their espoused commitment to sustainability. This...

  • CONGRUENCE OF BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGIES: A MODEL FOR SPECIAL EDUCATION PROGRAMMING. Thurman, S. Kenneth // Journal of Special Education;Fall77, Vol. 11 Issue 3 

    Suggests a model for developing ecological congruence in special education programming. Competence or the individual's ability to perform specific tests; Labels and perceptions placed on an individual's behavior by a particular social system; Tolerance for difference or the fit between an...

  • MARKETING CONSIDERATIONS IN WEIGHT CONTROL: PRELIMINARY FINDINGS. Hausman, Angela // AMA Winter Educators' Conference Proceedings;2005, Vol. 16, p207 

    Americans are fat, and getting fatter (Martin, Robinson, and Moore 2000). Despite this over-consumption, people are not eating healthier (Kim, Nayga, and Capps 2001). Consumers are not happy about this trend -- that is why they spend billions of dollars trying to correct the defects caused by...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics