Annealing of RNA editing substrates facilitated by guide RNA-binding protein gBP21

Müller, Ulrich F.; Lambert, Laurence; Göringer, H. Ulrich
March 2001
EMBO Journal;3/15/2001, Vol. 20 Issue 6, p1394
Academic Journal
RNA editing within the mitochondria of African trypanosomes is characterized by the insertion and deletion of uridylate residues into otherwise incomplete primary transcripts. The reaction takes place in a high molecular mass ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex of uncertain composition. Furthermore, factors that interact with the RNP complex during the reaction are by and large unknown. Here we present evidence for an editing-related biochemical activity of the gRNA-binding protein gBP21. Using recombinant gBP21 preparations, we show that the protein stimulates the annealing of gRNAs to cognate pre-mRNAs in vitro. This represents the presumed first step of the editing reaction. Kinetic data establish an enhancement of the second order rate constant for the gRNA-pre-mRNA interaction. gBP21-mediated annealing is not exclusive for RNA editing substrates since complementary RNAs, unrelated to the editing process, can also be hybridized. The gBP21-dependent RNA annealing activity was identified in mitochondrial extracts of trypanosomes and can be inhibited by immunoprecipitation of the polypeptide. The data suggest a factor-like contribution of gBP21 to the RNA editing process by accelerating the rate of gRNA-pre-mRNA anchor formation.


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