TITLE

Effects on respiratory health of a reduction in air pollution from vehicle exhaust emissions

AUTHOR(S)
Burr, M. L.; Karani, G.; Davies, B.; Holmes, B. A.; Williams, K. L.
PUB. DATE
March 2004
SOURCE
Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Mar2004, Vol. 61 Issue 3, p212
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Aims: To determine whether residents of congested streets have a higher prevalence of respiratory symptoms than residents of nearby uncontested streets, and whether their respiratory health improves following a reduction in exposure to traffic related air pollutants. Methods: An area was identified where certain streets were subject to air pollution from heavy road traffic, which was likely to improve following the construction of a by-pass. A respiratory survey was conducted among the residents, together with the residents of nearby uncontested streets, at baseline and again a year after the by-pass opened. Measurements were made of air pollutant concentrations in both areas on both occasions. Results: Initial concentrations of PM10 and PM2.5 were substantially higher in the congested than in the uncontested streets. When the by-ass opened, the volume of heavy goods traffic fell by nearly 50%. PM10 decreased by 23% (8.0 µg/m³) in the congested streets and by 29% (3.4 µg/m³) in the uncontested streets, with similar proportionate falls in PM2.5. There were no clear or consistent differences between the residents of the two areas initially in terms of symptoms or peak flow variability. Repeat questionnaires were obtained from 165 and 283 subjects in the congested and uncontested areas respectively, and showed a tendency for most symptoms to improve in both areas. For chest symptoms, the improvement tended to be greater in the uncontested area, although the difference between the areas was not statistically significant. Rhinitis and rhinoconjunctivitis tended to improve to a greater extent in the congested streets; the difference between the areas was significant for the degree to which rhinitis interfered with daily activities. Peak flow variability tended to improve in the uncongested area. Conclusions: The by-pass reduced pollutant levels to a degree that probably alleviates rhinitis and rhinoconj...
ACCESSION #
12952006

 

Related Articles

  • Prevalence of respiratory and hyperreactivity symptoms in relation to levels of criteria air pollutants in Sweden. Forsberg, Bertil; Stjernberg, Nils; Wall, Stig // European Journal of Public Health;Sep97, Vol. 7 Issue 3, p291 

    Presents a study that investigated the possible relationships between low concentrations of common types of urban air pollutants and respiratory and hyperreactivity symptoms in Sweden. Details of the sample population and the postal questionnaire; Effects of different levels of criteria...

  • Air Pollution and Child Mortality: A Time-Series Study in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Conceicao, Gleice M.S.; Miraglia, Simone G.E.K.; Kishi, Humberto S.; Saldiva, Paulo H.N.; Singer, Julio M. // Environmental Health Perspectives Supplements;Jun2001 Supplement 3, Vol. 109, p347 

    Evaluates the correlation between air pollution and child mortality in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Effect of the gaseous fraction of urban air pollution on the health of children; Comparison between children and adults in the possibility of developing respiratory diseases; Implications of the results on...

  • Epigenetics of Formaldehyde: Altered microRNAs May Be Key to Adverse Effects. Washam, Cynthia // Environmental Health Perspectives;Apr2011, Vol. 119 Issue 4, pA176 

    The article offers information on a study which shows that epigenetic mechanisms are associated with formaldehyde exposure and respiratory illness.

  • Seeing What You BREATHE the Cleveland Hazecam. Wells, Ellen M.; Allen, George; Newman, Cynthia; Spurlock, Linda; Khatri, Sumita // American Journal of Public Health;Sep2012, Vol. 102 Issue 9, p1687 

    The article focuses on the Cleveland Hazecam, a camera which has been set up in Cleveland, Ohio to take photographs of the city's sky line every 15 minutes to document air quality, increase awareness of air pollution and bring attention to methods which consumers can use to help improve air...

  • Air pollution. Maynard, R. L. // Human & Experimental Toxicology;Dec2015, Vol. 34 Issue 12, p1253 

    Perceptions of the effects on health of air pollutants have changed dramatically over the past thirty five years. It is now clear that current, historically low, concentrations of air pollutants have significant effects on health and that these effects bear most heavily on deaths and illness...

  • Environmental exposures and hospitalisation for respiratory conditions in children: a five year follow up study in Rome, Italy. Farchi, S.; Forastiere, F.; Cesaroni, G.; Perucci, C. A. // Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Aug2006, Vol. 63 Issue 8, p573 

    The article reports a study conducted in Rome, Italy regarding the respiratory health condition of children who are exposed to environmental pollutants. The prevalence of children and adults who were diagnosed with different respiratory illness was being blamed on the kind of environment they...

  • Environmental Pollution: Causing High Morbidity and Mortality. Laho, Edmont; Koduzi, Gazment; Osmanlli, Daminana; Aliu, Florian // Journal of International Environmental Application & Science;Dec2012, Vol. 7 Issue 5, p995 

    The article focuses on a study which aims to investigate the mortality and morbidity rate from tumoral and respiratory diseases in urban area such as Elbasan, Albania due to environmental pollution. It says that if an area has more urban and industrial pollution, it also has a pulmonary...

  • Incompatible Land Uses and the Topology of Cumulative Risk. Lejano, Raul P.; Smith, C. Scott // Environmental Management;Feb2006, Vol. 37 Issue 2, p230 

    The extensive literature on environmental justice has, by now, well defined the essential ingredients of cumulative risk, namely, incompatible land uses and vulnerability. Most problematic is the case when risk is produced by a large aggregation of small sources of air toxics. In this article,...

  • Clinical digest. Living near an airport could increase risk of hospitalisation for respiratory conditions.  // Nursing Standard;10/28/2015, Vol. 30 Issue 9, p15 

    The article discusses a study suggesting that air pollution around airports could be responsible for increased hospital admissions of local residents for respiratory and heart problems.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics