TITLE

Images in Thorax: Crack inhalation induced pneumomediastinum

AUTHOR(S)
anes, S. M.; Ind, P. W.; Jackson, J.
PUB. DATE
April 2004
SOURCE
Thorax;Apr2004, Vol. 59 Issue 4, p360
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The article presents a case study of a 30 year old man who feels severe chest pain and coughing after smoking crack. Smoking crack is a potent and highly addictive crystalline form of cocaine, usually involves deep inspiration followed by the valsalva and coughing. Computed tomography was performed. The scan showed free gas within the mediastinum anterior to the cardiac silhouette and ground glass opacity in both lungs. The patient developed acute injury due to inhalation of crack causing bronchospasm, increases alveolar pressure and rupture, followed by interstitial emphysema. The patient recovered rapidly without intervention other than oxygen. It was suggested that crack smoking can cause pneumomediastinum as well as pneumothorax.
ACCESSION #
12948851

 

Related Articles

  • Pneumomediastinum and Cervicofacial Emphysema Following a Nasally Obstructed Sneeze. Tewfik, Marc A.; Al-Qahtani, Khalid; Payne, Richard J.; Frenkiel, Saul // Journal of Otolaryngology;Oct2006, Vol. 35 Issue 5, p355 

    The article presents a case study involving a patient diagnosed with pneumomediastinum or Hamman's syndrome characterized by chest pain, subcutaneous emphysema, cardiac dullness, pneumothorax, increased mediastinal pressure and radiologic evidence of air in the mediatinum. Spontaneous...

  • Adult Diagnosis of Swyer-James-Macleod Syndrome: Retrospective Analysis of Four Cases. Selimoglu Sen, Hadice; Taylan, Mahsuk; Abakay, Ozlem; Sezgi, Cengizhan; Guli Cetincakmak, Mehmet // Respiratory Care;Apr2014, Vol. 59 Issue 4, pe51 

    Swyer-James-Macleod syndrome (SJMS) is a rare constrictive bronchiolitis with air-flow obstruction and a decreased number and diameter of ipsilateral peripheral pulmonary vessels. This syndrome is characterized by unilateral hyperlucency on chest radiography. Computed tomography provides useful...

  • Postpartum Pneumomediastinum: An Uncommon Cause for Chest Pain. Revicky, Vladimir; Simpson, Paul; Fraser, David // Obstetrics & Gynecology International;2010, Vol. 2010, p1 

    This case report refers to a 32-year-old primiparous woman with a mild asthma, who had a normal vaginal delivery in a birthing pool and developed an acute postpartum chest pain due to pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous chest emphysema. After 72 hours of observation, she was discharged home...

  • Tracheal rupture caused by blunt chest trauma: radiological and clinical features. Kunisch-Hoppe, M.; Hoppe, M.; Rauber, K.; Popella, C.; Rau, W. S. // European Radiology;Mar2000, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p480 

    The aim of this study was to assess radiomorphologic and clinical features of tracheal rupture due to blunt chest trauma. From 1992 until 1998 the radiomorphologic and clinical key findings of all consecutive tracheal ruptures were retrospectively analyzed. The study included ten patients (7 men...

  • Fatal Rectal Perforation Following Double Contrast Barium Enema. Akay, Serhat; Akay, Huriye; Ye┼čil, Mustafa // Journal of Academic Emergency Medicine Case Reports / Akademik A;2012, Vol. 3 Issue 4, p113 

    Double-contrast barium enema (DCBE) is a widely used diagnostic tool for colorectal disorders, providing a relatively cheap and less invasive alternative to invasive procedures such as colonoscopy. Complications due to DCBE can be fatal in a small number of cases. Rectal perforations to the...

  • Subcutaneous emphysema after dental procedure. Hsu, Huan-Lun; Chang, Chin-Chen; Liu, Kao-Lang // QJM: An International Journal of Medicine;Jun2011, Vol. 104 Issue 6, p545 

    No abstract available.

  • Posttussive Pneumomediastinum. Sayhan, Mustafa; Orak, Murat; Ustundag, Mehmet // Lung;Nov2008, Vol. 186 Issue 6, p351 

    The article presents the case study of a 21-year old patient of normal weight who presented with spontaneous pneumomediastinum following a paroxysm of cough. The patient complained of retrosternal pleuritic pain that started following a paroxysm of cough due to an upper respiratory tract...

  • Pressurised Air Injury in a Child. POOVAZHAGI, V.; THANGAVELU, S.; SHANTHI., S. // Indian Pediatrics;Aug2011, Vol. 48 Issue 8, p647 

    We report the case of a 7 year old girl, who sustained accidental injury following injection of pressurized air from a bicycle tyre air nozzle. She presented with generalized subcutaneous emphysema along with pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax, pneumoperitoneum, pneumoretroperitoneum and...

  • PNEUMOMEDIASTINUM DURING RELAPSE OF ULCERATIVE COLITIS. Cohen, Matthew E.; Kleinman, Martin S. // American Journal of Gastroenterology;Dec1997, Vol. 92 Issue 12, p2306 

    Pneumomediastinum can be caused by gas dissecting along fascial tissue planes Into the mediastinum from remote locations, including the retroperitoneum. One potential source of retroperitoneal gas is the colon. We present the third reported case of pneumomediastinum (plus pneumothorax and...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sign out of this library

Other Topics