Home dampness, current allergic diseases, and respiratory infections among young adults

Kilpeläinen, M.; Terho, E. O.; Helenius, H.; Koskenvuo, M.
June 2001
Thorax;Jun2001, Vol. 56 Issue 6, p462
Academic Journal
Background-The relation between home dampness and respiratory symptoms among adults is well confirmed, but data on specific allergic diseases and respira- tory infections is more limited. Individual factors that may enhance susceptibility to the effects of home dampness are mainly unknown. Methods-The association between home dampness and current physician diagnosed asthma, allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, atopic dermatitis, common colds, and bacterial respiratory infections was studied in a questionnaire survey of 10 667 Finnish first year university students aged 18-25 years. The dampness categories analysed were visible mould and visible mould or damp stains or water damage during the last year. In multivariate analyses adjustment was made for parental education, active and passive smoking, type and place of residence, pets, and wall to wall carpets. The interaction effect of atopic heredity and dampness was investigated. Results-Visible mould or damp stains or water damage was reported by 15.0% of the respondents. In multivariate models there was a positive association between home dampness and current asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis, as well as common colds ≥ 4 times per year and other respiratory infections, but not between home dampness and allergic conjunctivitis. The strongest association was found between exposure to visible mould and asthma (OR 2.21, 95% CI 1.48 to 3.28) and common colds (OR 1.49, 95% CI 1.18 to 1.87). The risk of current asthma in damp homes was highest among subjects with atopic heredity. Conclusions-The risk of current asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis was higher in damp homes. Of the respiratory infections, the risk of common colds was most clearly increased.


Related Articles

  • Overview of 'Allergy and allergic diseases: with a view to the future'. Kay, A. B. // Internet Journal of Asthma, Allergy & Immunology;2009, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p843 

    The article reports that IgE-mediated atopic allergic diseases which include allergic rhinitis, asthma and atopic eczema are a major socio-economic problem caused by complex interactions between genes and the environment. As reported, allergic diseases can be controlled by improvements in the...

  • The Hygiene Hypothesis and the Primary Prevention of Allergic Diseases. Pesola,, Gene R.; Iqbal, Javed; Damian, Jeanne // Internet Journal of Asthma, Allergy & Immunology;2005, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p12 

    It has been suggested that there has been an increase in atopy and allergic diseases over the last 30 years; these diseases include allergic rhinitis, atopic asthma, and atopic dermatitis. Multiple explanations have been proffered to explain the increase in atopy and related diseases with the...

  • Skin barrier function and allergic risk. Hudson, Thomas J. // Nature Genetics;Apr2006, Vol. 38 Issue 4, p399 

    A new study reports that two common loss-of-function mutations in the gene encoding filaggrin are important risk factors for atopic dermatitis, and interestingly, for asthma in association with atopic dermatitis, but not asthma in the absence of atopic dermatitis. These findings suggest the...

  • Atopic dermatitis and asthma. Galli, Elena; Gianni, Simona; Auricchio, Giovanni; Brunetti, Ercole; Mancino, Giorgio; Rossi, Paolo // Allergy & Asthma Proceedings;Sep/Oct2007, Vol. 28 Issue 5, p540 

    Atopic dermatitis (AD), a chronic inflammatory skin disease, frequently associated with respiratory allergy, is one of the most common skin disorders observed in children. The prevalence of AD and other allergic diseases is increasing in industrialized countries, representing a major burden on...

  • Allergic and Nonallergic Asthma in Children: Are They Distinct Phenotypes? Mahdaviani, Seyed Alireza; Mohajerani, Seyed Amir; Fakhri, Mohammad; Ebrahimi, Mazaher; Bashardoost, Bahram; Razavi, Seyed Jafar; Toolabi, Masoumeh; Tajik, Ali; Khalilzadeh, Soheila; Masjedi, Mohamad Reza // Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology;Oct2014, Vol. 13 Issue 5, p370 

    The aim of current study is to describe clinical similarities and differences between atopic and non-atopic asthma in children. In a cross-sectional study, 95 asthmatic children (75 allergics and 20 nonallergics) were included in the study. Demographic, clinical, and familial history were...

  • Herbal and naturopathic advice for an athlete. Stannard, Gill // Australian Journal of Medical Herbalism;2011, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p37 

    The article presents a case study of a 19 year old student and semi-professional basketball player who presented to a physician who specialized in herbal medicine with symptoms of asthma, respiratory infections, atopic allergies and eczema. A discussion of diagnostic testing which was conducted...

  • Streptococcus pyogenes upper respiratory infection and atopic conditions other than asthma: a retrospective cohort study. Juhna, Young J.; Frey, Diana; Li, Xujian; Jacobson, Robert // Primary Care Respiratory Journal;Jun2012, Vol. 21 Issue 2, p153 

    Background: Patients with asthma have an increased risk of Streptococcus pyogenes infection compared with those without asthma. It is unknown whether this is true for children with other atopic conditions such as atopic dermatitis or allergic rhinitis. Aims: To determine the risk of developing...

  • Allerjik Rinitli Hastalarda 8-OHdG Düzeyleri. Onbasi, Kevser; Noyan, Tevfik; Çebi, Aysegul; Kiroglu, Faruk // Medical Journal of Bakirkoy;Sep2011, Vol. 7 Issue 3, p104 

    Objective: Respiratory allergies like allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma are more frequently observed worldwide. Chronic inflammation in the respiratory tract is observed in these diseases. Oxidative stress contributes to this inflammation in the respiratory airways. 8-OHdG is a marker of...

  • Measuring T Cell Cytokines in Allergic Upper and Lower Airway Inflammation: Can We Move to the Clinic? Bullens, Dominique M. A. // Inflammation & Allergy - Drug Targets;Apr2007, Vol. 6 Issue 2, p81 

    Recent insights regarding the development of allergic diseases such as allergic rhinitis, asthma and atopic eczema are based on the functional diversity of T helper (Th)1 and Th2 lymphocytes. Th2 cells (secreting Interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, IL-9 and IL-13) are considered to be responsible for the...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics