Coherent terahertz emission from ferromagnetic films excited by femtosecond laser pulses

Beaurepaire, E.; Turner, G.M.; Harrel, S.M.; Beard, M.C.; Bigot, J.-Y.; Schmuttenmaer, C.A.
May 2004
Applied Physics Letters;5/3/2004, Vol. 84 Issue 18, p3465
Academic Journal
It is shown that the laser induced ultrafast demagnetization of ferromagnetic films results in the emission of a terahertz electromagnetic pulse. This emission has been detected from Ni films using free-space electro-optic sampling. The radiated electric field E(t) is explained by Maxwell equations (radiation from a time dependent magnetic dipole), and is expected to be proportional to the second time derivative of the magnetization d2M/dt2, as measured in the far field. This technique opens appealing perspectives in the context of measuring and understanding the ultrafast spin dynamics as well as the interaction of electrons (both charge and spin) with electromagnetic fields. © 2004 American Institute of Physics.


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