Double-well model of dielectric relaxation current

Jameson, John R.; Harrison, Walter; Griffin, P.B.; Plummer, J.D.
May 2004
Applied Physics Letters;5/3/2004, Vol. 84 Issue 18, p3489
Academic Journal
We show that a straightforward account of dielectric relaxation current in glasses follows from a semiclassical treatment of the double-well model [P. W. Anderson, B. I. Halperin, and C. M. Varma, Philos. Mag. 25, 1 (1972) and W. A. Phillips, J. Low Temp. Phys. 7, 351 (1972)] explaining the linear specific heat of glasses at low temperature. The current is obtained from the field-induced tunneling of the glass between the minima of its potential energy surface, and is found to have the experimentally observed linear dependence on field and inverse dependence on time. The effects of temperature and prior biases are briefly discussed, as well as the relation of the model to the theory of charge trapping. No dielectric relaxation is expected in a perfect insulating crystal, raising the important technological question of how perfect high-k dielectrics like HfO2 and ZrO2 must be in order to serve as gate dielectrics in transistors.© 2004 American Institute of Physics.


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