Reference values of interrupter respiratory resistance in healthy preschool white children

Lombardi, E.; Sly, P. D.; Concutelli, G.; Novembre, E.; Veneruso, G.; Frongia, G.; Bernardini, R.; Vierucci, A.
September 2001
Thorax;Sep2001, Vol. 56 Issue 9, p691
Academic Journal
Background--Interrupter respiratory resistance (Rim) is reported to be useful in evaluating lung function in poorly collaborating patients. However, no reference values are available from large samples of preschool children using the standard interrupter method. The aim of this study was to define reference lint values in a population of healthy preschool children. Methods--Rint was assessed without supporting the cheeks in children with no history of wheeze from six kindergartens. To evaluate the effects of upper airway compliance on lint in healthy children, an additional group of preschool children with either no history of wheeze or no respiratory symptoms at the time of testing underwent Rint measurements in our lung function laboratory with and without supporting the cheeks. Short term (about 1 minute apart) and long term (mean 2.5 months apart) repeatability of Rint measurements (2 SDs of the mean paired difference between measurements) was also assessed in children referred for cough or wheeze. Results-A total of 284 healthy white children (age range 3.0-6.4 years) were evaluated. Mean inspiratory and expiratory lint (RintI and RintE) did not differ significantly in boys and girls. Age, height, and weight showed a significant inverse correlation with both RintI and RintE in the univariate analysis with linear regression. Multiple regression with age, height, and weight as the independent variables showed that all three variables were significantly and independently correlated with RintI, whereas only height was significantly and independently correlated with RintE. Supporting the cheeks had no significant effect on RintI (n=29, I median 0.673 v 0.660 kPa/l.s, p=0.098) or RintE (n=39, median 0.702 v 0.713 kPa/l.s, p=0.126). Short term repeatability was =0.202 kPa/l.s for RintI (n=50) and 0.242 kPa/l.s for RintE (n=69). Long term repeatability was 0.208 kPa/l.s for RintE n (n=26). Conclusions--We have reported reference Rint values in preschool white children and have demonstrated the usefulness of this technique in assessing lung function in this age group.


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