Decreased peroxynitrite inhibitory activity in induced sputum in patients with bronchial asthma

Kanazawa, H.; Shiraishi, S.; Hirata, K.; Yoshikawa, J.
June 2002
Thorax;Jun2002, Vol. 57 Issue 6, p509
Academic Journal
Background: The production of peroxynitrite an extremely potent oxidant, is increased in inflammatory lung disease. It is therefore important to measure antioxidant activity against peroxynitrite in epithelial lining fluid to examine the physiological effects of peroxynitrite in the airways of patients with asthma. This study was designed to determine whether peroxynitrite inhibitory activity in induced sputum is correlated with clinical characteristics and airway inflammatory indices in asthmatic patients. Methods: Inflammatory indices were measured in induced sputum from 25 patients with asthma and 1 2 normal control subjects. Peroxynitrite inhibitory activity was also measured by monitoring rhodamine formation in sputum samples. Results: Peroxynitrite inhibitory activity in induced sputum was significantly lower in asthmatic patients (52.4 (24.5)%) than in normal control subjects (92.1 (3.9)%, p<0.0001) Its activity was significantly correlated with forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEY1) % predicted (r=0.774, p<0.0001) and bronchial hyperreactivity to methacholine (r=0.464, p=0.023). There was a significant negative correlation between peroxynitrite inhibitory activity and the degree of eosinophilic airway inflammation (% eosinophils r=-0.758, p<0.001; eosinophil cationic protein, r=-0.780 p<0.0001). Conclusions: Decreased peroxynitrite inhibitory activity occurs in induced sputum of asthmatic patients. Since even in patients with stable asthma the airway lining fluid lacks peroxynitrite inhibitory activity, large amounts of peroxynitrite, which are further increased during an acute asthma attack, would not be completely inactivated and asthmatic airways might have markedly increased susceptibility to peroxynitrite induced airway injury.


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