Non-invasive ventilation in acute respiratory Failure

Baudouin, S.; Blumenthal, S.; Cooper, B.; Davidson, C.; Davison, A.; Elliott, M.; Kinnear, W.; Paton, R.; Sawicka, E.; Turner, L.
March 2002
Thorax;Mar2002, Vol. 57 Issue 3, p192
Academic Journal
Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) refers to the provision of ventilatory support through the patient's upper airway using a mask or similar device. This technique is distinguished from those which bypass the upper airway with a tracheal tube, laryngeal mask, or tracheostomy and are therefore considered invasive. In this article NIV refers to non-invasive positive pressure ventilation, and other less commonly used techniques such as external negative pressure or rocking beds will not be discussed. Continuous positive airway pressure in this article refers to the non-invasive application of positive airway pressure, again using a face or nasal mask rather than in conjunction with invasive techniques.


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