Whelpton, P. K.
February 1950
American Sociological Review;Feb50, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p34
Academic Journal
During the eight years from 1940 to 1947, inclusive, in spite of the war, the population of Japan as now constituted increased by about 8,000,000. About 6,900,000 was due to an excess of births over deaths and 1,100,00 to net immigration. During the two years 1948 and 1949, the increase amounted to about 4,000,000, most of which came from an excess of births over deaths. By the end of 1949, the total number of persons had almost reached the 83,000,000 mark. When it is remembered that the land area of Japan is somewhat smaller than that of California, that only about one-sixth to one-fifth of this area is sufficiently level for farming, and that mineral deposits are relatively unimportant, it is not surprising that many of the Japanese people, and many non-Japanese as well, are concerned regarding the present ratio of the population to its means of support, and the future trend of this ratio. The official statistics which begin during the 1870's show a gradual increase in the crude birth rate from 25 per 1,000 during 1875-79 to 35 during 1920-24, but there is evidence indicating that fertility declined during this period and that the reported rise of the rate was due to the improvement of the basic statistics.


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