Simulation analysis on inner flow field and optimization design of air knife

Jian Qing Chen; Ke Chen; Xian Ming Chen
December 2017
Journal of Vibroengineering;Dec2017, Vol. 19 Issue 8, p6374
Academic Journal
This paper conducted a parametric modeling for air knife structure in a printing factory, used HYPERMESH software to divide the meshes of air model and combined with actual conditions to define various boundary conditions in the inner flow field of air knife. Meanwhile, this paper adopted fluid dynamics software Fluent to conduct numerical simulation for the internal airflow of air knife, obtained the distribution regulation of flow field, conducted a parametric modeling for air knife structure under many internal structural proposals through ANSYS design module based on the simulation computational result, conducted optimization design for the position of guide plates, the number of outlets and the size of return air tank in the detailed structure in the air knife in order to determine specific dimension parameters and optimal proposals. Based on the computational results of simulation, this paper found that the original air knife structure had a non-uniform flow field and low velocity at the inlet and outlets. With the increase of length of air knife, the velocity of the middle outlet reduced to zero and did not have obvious effects any more. Guide plates in the air knife had a great influence on the inner flow field of air knife. Through optimization design, the inner flow field of air knife became uniform when there was only one guide plate. When the guide plate was close to the front end of the air knife, the inner flow field of air knife was relatively uniform and velocity at the inlet and outlets was relatively high. This paper conducted a model design for air knives with different structural types and determined proposal 4 as the optimal design through repeated analysis. The design method in this paper could provide guidance for studying and designing air knife structures in the aspect of technological approach and theory


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