Koestner, Richard; Bernieri, Frank; Zuckerman, Miron
February 1994
Social Behavior & Personality: an international journal;1994, Vol. 22 Issue 1, p17
Academic Journal
We proposed a refinement of the construct of trait relevance that would allow for more accurate prediction of self-peer agreement. A distinction is offered between a given trait's personal and social relevance. Personal relevance refers to whether a trait is central to a person's self-identity whereas social relevance refers to the perceived social value of a given trait. People reporting that a trail is central to their identity are expected to behave according to their true standing on the trait. However, people reporting that a trait is important to whether others will like them are expected to behave in accordance with situational demands reather than in accordance with their inner dispositions. The results of a self-peer rating study showed that ratings of personal relevance were associated with higher levels of self-peer agreement whereas ratings of social relevance were associated with tower levels of self-peer agreement. This pattern of results was obtained despite a significant positive correlation between ratings of personal and social relevance. Results also showed that ratings of social relevance were independent of two other previously identified moderators, self-reported trait consistency and observability.


Related Articles

  • SELF-CONSCIOUSNESS AND BIAS IN SOCIAL INTERACTION. Sandelands, Lloyd E.; Stablein, Ralph E. // Social Behavior & Personality: an international journal;1986, Vol. 14 Issue 2, p239 

    Two studies were conducted to investigate whether trait differences in self-consciousness could account for egocentric attribution bias in social interaction. Study } examined the prediction that bias would be greater for high self-conscious versus low self-conscious subjects. This prediction...

  • RELIABILITY OF THE SOCIAL SKILLS RATING SYSTEM FOR PRESCHOOL CHILDREN IN IRAN. Shahim, Sima // Psychological Reports;Dec2004 Part2, Vol. 95 Issue 3, p1264 

    The purpose was to investigate stability and internal consistency of the Social Skills Rating System in a group of 304 (161 boys and 143 girls) ages 3 to 6.5 yr. (M = 4.7, SD = 1.0) preschool children in Iran. Test-retest reliability and Cronbach coefficients alpha were high; moderate to high...

  • An Examination of Character Similarity and Message Elaboration on Psychological Reactance within an Entertainment Education (EE) Context. Quick, Brian; Quintero Johnson, Jessie // Conference Papers -- National Communication Association;2009, p1 

    The purpose of this study was to examine if presenting persuasive health information in an entertainment education (EE) context has the potential to inhibit reactance. We explored the effect of character similarity and message elaboration on state reactance as well as trait reactance and issue...

  • RELIABILITY AND PRACTICE EFFECT IN THE O'CONNOR WIGGLY BLOCK TEST. Remmers, H. H.; Smith, J. M. // Journal of Applied Psychology;Oct36, Vol. 20 Issue 5, p591 

    The article focuses on the application of the O'Connor Wiggly Block Test under the standard conditions to 109 high school boys in the U.S. Data show that the major proportion of the learning effect takes place during the first three trials. It is evident from the intercorrelations that whatever...

  • Top Dog, Underdog. Beck, Martha // O, The Oprah Magazine;Nov2006, Vol. 7 Issue 11, p93 

    The article focuses on the subject of people called know-it-alls, who often use knowledge to win praise and attention. Aside from claiming to have the answers to most important as well as unnecessary problems, these people also tend to display annoying behavioral problems. The author described...

  • An Estimate of Variance Due to Traits in Leadership. Kenny, David A.; Zaccaro, Stephen J. // Journal of Applied Psychology;Nov83, Vol. 68 Issue 4, p678 

    The rejection by psychologists of the trait explanation of leadership emergence can be attributed to the results of two major types of studies: attempts to identify leadership traits and the use of rotation designs. Numerous reviews of the literature consistently note the failure to isolate a...

  • A TEST OF FOUR PERSONALITY TRAITS OF ADOLESCENTS. Link, Henry C. // Journal of Applied Psychology;Oct36, Vol. 20 Issue 5, p527 

    The article focuses on a test concerning four personality traits of adolescents in the U.S. The author stressed that there are no disciplines for personality representing to the disciplines of formal education and culture. The concept of personality and the attempt of measuring it typifies a...

  • CORRELATION BETWEN DIFFERENT FORMS OF SENSORY DISCRIMINATION. Stevenson, John A. // Journal of Applied Psychology;Mar18, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p26 

    The article reports on the correlation between different forms of sensory discrimination. There are four problems in the study of relationships between mental traits and physical traits. They are the questions of how are the various mental and physical traits interrelated?, how are the various...

  • THE EFFECT OF CORRELATED ARTIFACTS AND TRUE VALIDITY ON THE ACCURACY OF PARAMETER ESTIMATION IN VALIDITY GENERALIZATION. Raju, Nambury S.; Anselmi, Tobin V.; Goodman, Jodi S.; Thomas, Adrian // Academy of Management Best Papers Proceedings;1995, p380 

    The effect of non-zero intercorrelations among three artifacts and true validity on the accuracy of validity generalization (VG) estimates was investigated, resulting in the following conclusion: The current VG procedures yield reasonably accurate estimates of Mρ and, with one exception,...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics