Influence of acetylsalicylic acid and low-molecular weight heparins on the formation of renal hematoma after shock wave lithotripsy

Schregel, Christoph; John, Hubert; Randazzo, Marco; Keller, Isabelle
December 2017
World Journal of Urology;Dec2017, Vol. 35 Issue 12, p1939
Academic Journal
Purpose: To investigate the risk of renal hematoma (RHT) after shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) among patients on acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) or low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH). Patients and methods: Retrospective analysis of 434 patients treated with SWL for nephrolithiasis and ureterolithiasis of the proximal ureter. Primary endpoint was detection of RHT by ultrasound the day after SWL. Secondary outcome variables included transfusion of erythrocyte concentrate(s), interventions, hospital readmission or death due to RHT within 30 days of SWL. Binary logistic regression analysis was used including a post hoc one-way analysis. Results: Of 434 patients, 33 (7.6%) and 67 (15.4%) patients were medicated with ASA and LMWH, respectively. RHT was detected in 20 of 434 (4.6%) patients. Of those, 3 (20%) were on ASA, 6 (35%) were on LMWH, 1 (5%) was on ASA and LMWH, and 10 (50%) had no anticoagulation. Univariate analysis showed a statistically significant higher risk for RHT among patients on ASA ( p = 0.04) and LWMH ( p = 0.02) with an untreated urinary tract infection (UTI) ( p = 0.008) and history of cardiovascular disease ( p = 0.028). On multivariate analysis, ASA medication, untreated UTI (OR 4.4, 95% CI 1.31-14.75, p = 0.016 and OR 5.79, 95% CI 1.65-20.32, p = 0.03) and a therapeutic dose of LMWH (OR 10.4, 95% CI 1.74-62.27, p = 0.01) were independent predictors for RHT. Conclusions: Before SWL, a patient risk profile should be evaluated. If feasible, LMWH in therapeutic dosing should be avoided, and ASA should be discontinued. UTI should be treated before SWL in any case. Trial registration: ; Identifier NCT02875717.


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