The T-plasty as therapy for recurrent bladder neck stenosis: success rate, functional outcome, and patient satisfaction

Rosenbaum, Clemens; Dahlem, Roland; Maurer, Valentin; Kluth, Luis; Vetterlein, Malte; Fisch, Margit; Schuettfort, Victor; Reiss, C.
December 2017
World Journal of Urology;Dec2017, Vol. 35 Issue 12, p1907
Academic Journal
Purpose: To determine success rate (SR), functional outcome, and patient satisfaction of a modified YV-plasty for reconstruction of the bladder neck in case of recurrent bladder neck stenosis (BNS) after transurethral surgery of the prostate: the T-plasty. Patients and methods: We identified all patients who underwent T-plasty at our center between December 2008 and July 2016. Patients' charts were reviewed. Patients were queried by telephone and by mail at time of follow-up (FU). Primary endpoint was SR. Secondary endpoints were complications, continence, satisfaction, and changes in quality of life measured by validated questionnaires. Results: Thirty patients underwent the T-plasty. Median age at surgery was 69 (IQR 62-73) years. Most patients had BNS due to TUR-P [ n = 25 (83.3%)]. No severe blood loss or severe complications occurred perioperatively. Median FU was 45 (IQR 18-64) months. Three patients were lost to FU. Success rate was 100%. Compared to pre-OP Q , mean Q post-OP improved significantly [pre-OP 6.79 (SD ± 4.76) ml/s vs post-OP was 24.42 (SD ± 12.61) ml/s; ( t(5) = 4.12, p = 0.009)]. Mean post-void residual urine decreased significantly [pre-OP 140.77 (SD ± 105.41) ml vs post-OP 14.5 (SD ± 22.42) ml; ( t(9) = −3.86, p = 0.004)]. One patient developed a de-novo-incontinence post-OP. Mean ICIQ-SF Score was 1.2 (SD ± 2.27). 88.5% of patients were pleased or delighted by surgery. 75% of patients claimed their quality of life has been (strongly) improved. Conclusions: The T-plasty is a valuable option as treatment of recurrent BNS. SR, rates of continence, and high patient satisfaction are very encouraging.


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