TITLE

Cognition, personality, and stress in budgerigars, Melopsittacus undulatus

AUTHOR(S)
Medina-GarcĂ­a, Angela; Jawor, Jodie M.; Wright, Timothy F.
PUB. DATE
November 2017
SOURCE
Behavioral Ecology;Nov/Dec2017, Vol. 28 Issue 6, p1504
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
To study the fitness effects of individual variation in cognitive traits, it is paramount to understand whether traits such as personality and physiological stress influence cognitive performance. We first tested whether budgerigars showed both consistent personalities and cognitive performance across time and tasks. We tested object and food neophobia, and exploratory behavior. We measured cognitive performance in habituation, ability to solve foraging problems, spatial memory, and seed discrimination tasks. Budgerigars showed consistency in their neophobic tendencies and these tendencies were associated with their exploratory behavior. Birds were also consistent in how they performed in most of the cognitive tasks (temporal consistency), but were not consistent in their performance across tasks (context consistency). Neither corticosterone levels (baseline and stress-induced) showed a significant relationship with either cognitive or personality measures. Neophobic and exploratory tendencies determined the willingness of birds to engage only in the seed discrimination task. Such tendencies also had a significant effect on problem-solving ability. Our results suggest that consistent individual differences in cognitive performance along with consistent differences in personality could determine response to environmental change and therefore have important fitness consequences.
ACCESSION #
126283450

 

Related Articles

  • My fine-feathered accompanist. Klose, Robert // Christian Science Monitor;3/30/2000, Vol. 92 Issue 89, p22 

    Offers the author's experiences playing the clarinet and discovering that his son's pet parakeet was singing along with the tune.

  • Cheating budgies do it out of sight. Motluk, Alison // New Scientist;06/07/97, Vol. 154 Issue 2085, p19 

    Cites a study showing that a male budgerigar is more likely to be tempted into an illicit affair when out of sight of his mate. Male fidelity as an accurate indicator of his parental quality; Beak jabs from females who caught their unfaithful mates.

  • Budgies find yawns irresistible too. Barras, Colin // New Scientist;1/14/2012, Vol. 213 Issue 2847, p14 

    The article discusses research by biologists Andrew Gallup and his colleagues published in a 2012 issue of the journal "Behavioural Processes" about the contagious nature of yawning in a non-primate species, budgerigars.

  • Careful, she might see you. Hickey, Georgina; D.C. // Nature Australia;Winter98, Vol. 26 Issue 1, p8 

    Presents information on the breeding habits of Budgerigars (Melopsittacus undulatus). Information on male Budgerigars; Observation made by Aliza Baltz and Anne Clark at the University of Binghamton in New York; Results of experiments conducted with the birds.

  • YAWNS ARE CATCHING FOR BUDGIES.  // Wildlife Australia;Spring2015, Vol. 52 Issue 3, p2 

    The article discusses research study made by researcher Andrew Gallup and co-workers on yawning bbehaviorof budgerigar including avian empathy, social interactions and bonding with mates.

  • Behavioral Lateralization and Optimal Route Choice in Flying Budgerigars. Bhagavatula, Partha S.; Claudianos, Charles; Ibbotson, Michael R.; Srinivasan, Mandyam V. // PLoS Computational Biology;Mar2014, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p1 

    Birds flying through a cluttered environment require the ability to choose routes that will take them through the environment safely and quickly. We have investigated some of the strategies by which they achieve this. We trained budgerigars to fly through a tunnel in which they encountered a...

  • Experimental evidence of contagious yawning in budgerigars ( Melopsittacus undulatus). Gallup, Andrew; Swartwood, Lexington; Militello, Janine; Sackett, Serena // Animal Cognition;Sep2015, Vol. 18 Issue 5, p1051 

    Experimental evidence of contagious yawning has only been documented in four mammalian species. Here, we report the results from two separate experimental studies designed to investigate the presence of contagious yawning in a social parrot, the budgerigar ( Melopsittacus undulatus). In Study 1,...

  • nature strips. Clode, Danielle; Fullagar, Richard; Holden, Karina; Major, Jason; McGhee, Karen; Sullivan, Rachel; Thomas, Abbie // Nature Australia;Winter2001, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p8 

    Presents information on research regarding nature. Study on the calls made by budgerigars; Role of meat and plants in the diet of Neanderthals; Behavior of Scottish male red deer; Investigation on the genetic relatedness between mother polar bears and their cubs.

  • Antioxidant status, flight performance and sexual signalling in wild-type parrots. Arnold, Kathryn E.; Larcombe, Stephen D.; Ducaroir, Lotta; Alexander, Lucille // Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology;Nov2010, Vol. 64 Issue 11, p1857 

    During mate choice, individuals are predicted to assess traits that honestly signal the quality of potential partners. Locomotor capacity may be such a trait, potentially signalling condition and ability to resist oxidative damage. In this study, we experimentally manipulated nutritional status:...

  • A test of multiple hypotheses for the function of call sharing in female budgerigars, Melopsittacus undulatus. Dahlin, Christine; Young, Anna; Cordier, Breanne; Mundry, Roger; Wright, Timothy // Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology;Jan2014, Vol. 68 Issue 1, p145 

    In many social species group, members share acoustically similar calls. Functional hypotheses have been proposed for call sharing, but previous studies have been limited by an inability to distinguish among these hypotheses. We examined the function of vocal sharing in female budgerigars with a...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics