Powerful Lamp Destroys Anthrax Better Than Foam

Page, Douglas
March 2004
Fire Chief;Mar2004, Vol. 48 Issue 3, p24
Trade Publication
The article focuses on a quick and safe cure for anthrax bacteria contamination. Scientists at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee found that the ultraviolet portion of an arc plasma lamp can kill anthrax bacteria in a matter of seconds by destroying the cells. Anthrax, an acute infectious disease caused by the spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis, is a preferred biological warfare agent because it is highly lethal and relatively easy to weaponize. The lamp was used to metallurgically bond a metallic coating to a metal substrate to demonstrate that barrel materials can be made more resistant to these forces. Compared to mechanical bonding, metallurgical bonding results in far stronger bonds between the atoms of the coating and substrate.


Related Articles

  • Antibody-laden "ectoplasm" mops up anthrax. Nowak, Rachel // New Scientist;8/4/2007, Vol. 195 Issue 2615, p26 

    The article looks at the development of a gel solution designed to make the cleaning of anthrax safer. Described as an ectoplasm, the solution contains anthrax antibodies that neutralize anthrax spores by bonding with them and preventing them from becoming airborne and entering the lungs. The...

  • Discovery and Development of Anthrax Lethal Factor Metalloproteinase Inhibitors. Turk, Benjamin E. // Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology;Feb2008, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p24 

    Anthrax is caused by infection with Bacillus anthracis, a spore forming, rod-shaped, encapsulated gram positive bacteria. The disease manifests itself in distinct ways depending on the route of entry of infective bacterial spores: cutaneous, inhalational, and gastrointestinal. Though rare in...

  • Characterization of an Environmental Strain of Bacillus thuringiensis from a Hot Spring in Western Himalayas. Alam, Syed Imteyaz; Bansod, Sunita; Goel, Ajay Kumar; Singh, Lokendra // Current Microbiology;Feb2011, Vol. 62 Issue 2, p547 

    Bacillus anthracis, the etiological agent of anthrax, is responsible for a serious and often fatal disease of mammalian livestock and humans and is an important biological warfare agent. Bacillus sp. AKG was isolated from a hot spring in western Himalayas and species-specific primers targeting...

  • Application of In Vivo Induced Antigen Technology (IVIAT) to Bacillus anthracis. Rollins, Sean M.; Peppercorn, Amanda; Young, John S.; Drysdale, Melissa; Baresch, Andrea; Bikowski, Margaret V.; Ashford, David A.; Quinn, Conrad P.; Handfield, Martin; Hillman, Jeffrey D.; Lyons, C. Rick; Koehler, Theresa M.; Calderwood, Stephen B.; Ryan, Edward T. // PLoS ONE;2008, Vol. 3 Issue 3, p1 

    In vivo induced antigen technology (IVIAT) is an immuno-screening technique that identifies bacterial antigens expressed during infection and not during standard in vitro culturing conditions. We applied IVIAT to Bacillus anthracis and identified PagA, seven members of a...

  • Methyl Bromide Fumigant Lethal to Bacillus anthracis Spores. Juergensmeyer, Margaret A.; Gingras, Bruce A.; Scheffrahn, Rudolf H.; Weinberg, Mark J. // Journal of Environmental Health;Jan/Feb2007, Vol. 69 Issue 6, p24 

    Methyl bromide (MB), an agricultural fumigant used in the United States, is capable of reducing or eliminating Bacillus anthracis spores, In the event of a bioterrorist attack, MB might serve as an excellent decontaminating agent because it leaves no residue and does not damage furnishings and...

  • HEPA/Vaccine Plan for Indoor Anthrax Remediation. Wein, Lawrence M.; Liu, Yifan; Leighton, Terrance J. // Emerging Infectious Diseases;Jan2005, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p69 

    We developed a mathematical model to compare 2 indoor remediation strategies in the aftermath of an outdoor release of 1.5 kg of anthrax spores in lower Manhattan. The 2 strategies are the fumigation approach used after the 2001 postal anthrax attack and a HEPA/vaccine plan, which relies on HEPA...

  • Cleaning up Anthrax.  // R&D Magazine;Dec2005, Vol. 47 Issue 12, p12 

    The article focuses on the findings of the investigations into anthrax decontamination by researchers at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico. According to lead researcher Gary Brown, the sampling methods used to determine the number of viable organisms existing on surfaces...

  • Efficient methods for large-area surface sampling of sites contaminated with pathogenic microorganisms and other hazardous agents: current state, needs, and perspectives. Edmonds, Jason M. // Applied Microbiology & Biotechnology;Oct2009, Vol. 84 Issue 5, p811 

    The recovery operations following the 2001 attacks with Bacillus anthracis spores were complicated due to the unprecedented need for large-area surface sampling and decontamination protocols. Since this event, multiple reports have been published describing recovery efficiencies of several...

  • Inhibition of Anthrax Lethal Toxin-Induced Cytolysis of RAW264.7 Cells by Celastrol. Chapelsky, Sarah; Batty, Sarah; Frost, Mia; Mogridge, Jeremy // PLoS ONE;2008, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p1 

    Background. Bacillus anthracis is the bacterium responsible for causing anthrax. The ability of B. anthracis to cause disease is dependent on a secreted virulence factor, lethal toxin, that promotes survival of the bacteria in the host by impairing the immune response. A well-studied effect of...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics