A crosslinguistic syntax of scalar and non-scalar focus particle sentences: the view from Vietnamese and Chinese

Hole, Daniel
November 2017
Journal of East Asian Linguistics;Nov2017, Vol. 26 Issue 4, p389
Academic Journal
The article proposes a distributed syntax for Vietnamese and Chinese focus particle sentences. It disentangles syntactically the inclusion and exclusion of alternatives typical of focus particle uses from scalar components of meaning that many focus particle sentences convey. Vietnamese and Chinese are shown to have highly elaborate lexical paradigms that map plausibly onto the postulated syntactic and semantic functions. The article then turns to very similar phenomena from German and Dutch. It concludes with the hunch that the system as it unfolds in Vietnamese and Chinese is, in fact, simply an explicit instantiation of a pattern underlying focus particle sentences at a much more general level.


Related Articles

  • The partial availability of Universal Grammar in second language acquisition: the `failed functional features hypothesis' Yuet-hung Chan, R.C. // Second Language Research;Jul97, Vol. 13 Issue 3, p187 

    A number of studies in the research literature have proposed that Universal Grammar (UG) is partially available to adult second language learners. Attempts to provide a syntactic characterization of that partial availability have only recently begun to appear, however. In this article we will...

  • Null subjects, filled CPs and L2 acquisition. Roebuck, R.F.; Mart�nez-Arbelaiz, M.A.; P�rez-Silva, J.I. // Second Language Research;Jul99, Vol. 15 Issue 3, p251 

    This study investigates the acquisition of a non-null-subject language (English) by speakers of two different null-subject languages (Spanish and Chinese) in light of recent research in theoretical syntax which shows that different syntactic mechanisms are at work in the expression of null...

  • The Avoidance of the Third Tone Sandhi in Mandarin Chinese. Zhang, Ning // Journal of East Asian Linguistics;Oct1997, Vol. 6 Issue 4, p293 

    An optimality-theoretic analysis of third tone sandhi (TS)domains of Mandarin is proposed in preference to otherapproaches. This constraint-based analysis provides adescriptively better solution to questions such as why it ispossible for a preposition to resist tone sandhi in certainstructures,...

  • Mandarin transitive comparatives and the grammar of measurement. Grano, Thomas; Kennedy, Chris // Journal of East Asian Linguistics;Aug2012, Vol. 21 Issue 3, p219 

    Mandarin Chinese has two strategies for forming comparatives of superiority: one in which the standard of comparison is introduced by the morpheme bi, and one that resembles a transitive verb construction, in which the standard of comparison directly follows a gradable adjective. The 'transitive...

  • Semantics Does Not Need a Processing License From Syntax in Reading Chinese. Yaxu Zhang; Jing Yu; Boland, Julie E. // Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory & Cognition;May2010, Vol. 36 Issue 3, p765 

    Two event-related brain potential experiments were conducted to investigate whether there is a functional primacy of syntactic structure building over semantic processes during Chinese sentence reading. In both experiments, we found that semantic interpretation proceeded despite the...

  • Variability and stability in Chinese syntax. Huang, Shuanfan // Chinese Language & Discourse;2013, Vol. 4 Issue 1, p1 

    In this study I examine a large number of verbalizations in the Chinese Pear narratives and find that for each scene examined there is usually one or at most two favored and stabilized verbalizations, with variability around the stabilized forms. These favored verbalizations are the preferred...

  • Juncture Patterns of the Surabaya-citizen's Speech. Karsono, O. M. F. // k@ta;2012, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p23 

    The article discusses various juncture patterns of Chinese language spoken by Surabaya citizens who do not treat Bahasa and Indonesian language as their mother tongue. It mentions that juncture in Chinese language consists of two functions known as grammatical, which occurs in natural statement...

  • A BRIEF HISTORY OF MANDARIN. Coblin, W. South // Journal of the American Oriental Society;Oct-Dec2000, Vol. 120 Issue 4, p537 

    Traces the history of Mandarin. Development of Mandarin phonology; Evolution of Chinese lexicon; Syntax of literary or written vernaculars.

  • A feature-based approach to better automatic treebank conversion. Zhu, Muhua; Zhu, Jingbo; Wang, Huizhen // Language Resources & Evaluation;Dec2013, Vol. 47 Issue 4, p1213 

    In the field of constituency parsing, there exist multiple human-labeled treebanks which are built on non-overlapping text samples and follow different annotation standards. Due to the extreme cost of annotating parse trees by human, it is desirable to automatically convert one treebank (called...

  • Transferability of semantic functions in contact-induced grammaticalization. Ming Chew Teo // Studies in Language;2014, Vol. 38 Issue 4, p836 

    Unlike Standard English, one in Singapore Colloquial English (SCE) not only functions as a numeral and a pronoun, it also functions as a nominalizer and a contrastive focus marker. Even though previous studies on SCE one have unequivocally proven that the expanded functions of one were a result...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics