The Impact of Mine Tailings on the Witwatersrand and the Surrounding Water Bodies in Gauteng Province, South Africa

Njinga, Raymond; Tshivhase, Victor
November 2017
Mine Water & the Environment;Nov2017, Vol. 36 Issue 4, p638
Academic Journal
The gross alpha and beta activity in treated water from one of the numerous gold mines in Gauteng province averaged 1.15 ± 0.13 and 0.87 ± 0.11 Bq L, respectively. The average readings of the fissure water from the same mine were 0.56 ± 0.10 and 0.52 ± 0.11 Bq L, respectively. Water samples collected at the foot of the Princess gold mine tailings dump in Gauteng province and from downstream, before the drainage joins other water sources, also had high average gross alpha and beta activity and high average concentrations of radionuclides. The hazard quotient value evaluated, based on U of the water sample types in these vicinities, was far above one, indicating that it may pose serious health risks to the inhabitants.


Related Articles

  • Canadians dig SA's gold. McKay, David // Finance Week;7/14/2003, p15 

    Reports on the development of a gold mine in South Africa by Canadian gold mine developer and financier Hunter Dickinson. Investment returns of Dickinson's exploration ventures; Status of the mine development project; Impact of the project on local mine developers.

  • Mali's golden age. Ross, Priscilla // African Business;Sep97, Issue 224, p35 

    Focuses on Mali's gold mining industry. Ongoing gold exploration and mining operations; Major gold mining firms; Contribution of gold mining industry to national economy; Political conditions; Economic trends.

  • Golden future for Ethiopia. Ross, Priscilla // African Business;Dec97, Issue 227, p33 

    Comments on the privatization of Legadembi, Ethiopia's only gold-producing mine. Opportunity for the mining sector to boost its income; Percentage stake and profit share of the Ethiopian government; Projection for revenues based on a 30-ton-a-year level.

  • Untitled.  // Cricket;Aug96, Vol. 23 Issue 12, p16 

    Reports on several instances of the discovery of gold in American history. Includes the gold rush in California in 1848; Gold rush at Comstock Lode in western Nevada; Klondike gold rush in 1896; Discovery of gold in Colorado and South Dakota.

  • Ghana.  // Engineering & Mining Journal (00958948);Sep93, Vol. 194 Issue 9, p17 

    Reports on the bid to take over Ghana's state-owned Prestea gold mine by two companies from South Africa and the United States. Laying off of workers to increase the mine's viability; Decline in gold output.

  • South Africa.  // Engineering & Mining Journal (00958948);Sep93, Vol. 194 Issue 9, p17 

    Reports on developments in South Africa's mining industry. Postponement of the 15th Congress of the Council of Mining and Metallurgical Institutions (CMMI) to a September 1994 schedule; Improved results at four Anglovaal gold mines for the quarter ended June 30, 1993; Effect of higher gold prices.

  • Lone Tree Mine--plenty of natural hot water.  // Engineering & Mining Journal (00958948);Nov94, Vol. 195 Issue 11, p31 

    Features the Lone Tree gold-mine situated 34 miles east of Winnemucca, Nevada. Water as the single biggest factor in mining the deposit; Hard, abrasive rock at the mine as another significant factor; Recovery of leachable sulphidic ore.

  • Mesquite, 1.6M oz gold...vegetables nearby.  // Engineering & Mining Journal (00958948);Nov94, Vol. 195 Issue 11, p35 

    Features the Mesquite gold-mine situated 50 miles northwest of Yuma, Arizona. Incentive system for employees; Use of conventional open pit methods; Equipment fleet; Leaching; Innovations in the environmental aspects of the mine. INSET: When steam was king...

  • Twin Creeks--saving the biggest to last.  // Engineering & Mining Journal (00958948);Nov94, Vol. 195 Issue 11, p38 

    Features the Twin Creeks gold-mine located about 45 miles northeast of Winnemucca, Nevada. Use of conventional open-pit methods in two pits; Equipments used; Clean, centralized fuel-and-lube facility which allows total containment of any spills.

  • Gold in the Ukraine.  // Engineering & Mining Journal (00958948);Jun96, Vol. 197 Issue 6, p14 

    Reports on the gold industry in Ukraine. Lack of hard currency to exploit its precious-metal resources; Development of new chemical technologies for gold by the Prydnyproskiy Chemical Plant; Limitations due to the refractory nature of its gold deposits; Tenders for mining gold deposits in...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics