Prevalence, transmission, and host specificity of Cryptosporidium spp. in various animal groups from two French zoos

Osman, Marwan; Safadi, Dima; Benamrouz-Vanneste, Sadia; Certad, Gabriela; Cian, Amandine; Gantois, Nausicaa; Delgado-Viscogliosi, Pilar; Guyot, Karine; Chabé, Magali; Viscogliosi, Eric; Moriniere, Romain; Bosc, Stéphanie; Petit, Thierry
December 2017
Parasitology Research;Dec2017, Vol. 116 Issue 12, p3419
Academic Journal
Cryptosporidium represents a major cause of gastrointestinal illness in humans and animals including domestic, wild, and in captivity animals, and more than 30 validated species of Cryptosporidium are recognized as infectious to different hosts such as mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish. Therefore, numerous investigations have been conducted worldwide in order to shed light on the epidemiology of this parasite and to explore its potential reservoirs. Few surveys, targeting humans and animals have been carried out regarding the epidemiology of Cryptosporidium spp. in France and no data are available about the circulation of this parasite in French zoological gardens. Herein, we determined the prevalence of Cryptosporidium in animals housed in two French zoos. A total of 307 fecal samples belonging to 161 species were screened by nested PCR. Overall, Cryptosporidium DNA was detected in 1.9% of the 161 species and 1% of the total number of fecal samples tested. Additionally, three Cryptosporidium species were identified: C. galli, C. andersoni, and C. tyzzeri. To our knowledge, this is the first molecular study focused on Cryptosporidium infection in captivity animals in France. This study is of interest considering the exposure of a large number of humans and animals to this waterborne protozoan, found ubiquitously in the environment.


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