TITLE

Plasma Growth Differentiation Factor-15 is a Potential Biomarker for Pediatric Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Associated with Congenital Heart Disease

AUTHOR(S)
Li, Gang; Li, Yan; Tan, Xiao-qiu; Jia, Peng; Zhao, Jian; Liu, Dong; Wang, Ting; Liu, Bin
PUB. DATE
December 2017
SOURCE
Pediatric Cardiology;Dec2017, Vol. 38 Issue 8, p1620
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
We aimed to investigate plasma growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) levels in pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension secondary to congenital heart disease (PAH-CHD), and assess the association with hemodynamic parameters. Plasma GDF-15 levels were measured in children with PAH-CHD ( n = 46) and compared to children with CHD without PAH ( n = 39). Normal individuals ( n = 30) served as health control group. Plasma GDF-15 levels were significantly elevated in patients with PAH-CHD compared with those with CHD without PAH (median 1415 ng/L, interquartile range [IQR] 926.7-2111.7 ng/L vs. 890.6 ng/L, IQR 394.7-1094.3 ng/L, p < 0.01). Elevated plasma GDF-15 levels were positively related to Functional Class, uric acid, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), pulmonary artery systolic pressure, mean pulmonary artery pressure, pulmonary blood flow/systemic blood flow and pulmonary vascular resistance, and a lower mixed venous oxygen saturation (Sv). The area under the curve (AUC) for adding GDF-15 to NT-proBNP was not superior to the AUC of NT-pro BNP alone (AUC difference 0.0295, p = 0.324) (NT-proBNP, AUC 0.823, 95% CI 0.725-0.897; GDF-15 plus NT-proBNP, AUC 0.852, 95% CI 0.759-0.92), whereas it revealed a slightly greater specificity and positive predictive value. The diagnostic power of NT-pro BNP was not inferior to GDF-15 (AUC difference 0.0443, p = 0.43). Plasma GDF-15 levels might be a surrogate marker for pediatric PAH-CHD.
ACCESSION #
126245713

 

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