TITLE

Cooperation Via Intimidation: An Emergent System of Mutual Threats can Maintain Social Order

AUTHOR(S)
Patrzyk, Piotr Mateusz; Takác, Martin
PUB. DATE
October 2017
SOURCE
Journal of Artificial Societies & Social Simulation;Oct2017, Vol. 20 Issue 4, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Can human aggressiveness promote peaceful cooperation? Despite the seeming contradiction of these phenomena, our study suggests the answer is yes. We develop two agent-based models of cooperative interactions among aggressive agents threatening each other. In Model 1, we show that aggressive displays performed by dominance-seeking individuals create a system of mutual threats that effectively enforces cooperation and inhibits agents from escalating conflicts. This happens because agents observe each otherfighting, which deters them from attacking each otherdueto aggressive reputations. In Model 2 we extend this effect to third-party interventions showing that forming alliances makes attacks more efficient and promotes the emergence of common rules determining whom to fight against. In such a state, social order is maintained by the existence of moral alliances - groups of agents willing to fight against norm violators. In summary, we argue that reputation for toughness and the aggressive predisposition of humans could have played an important role in the evolution of cooperation and moral systems.
ACCESSION #
126238934

 

Related Articles

  • LABORATORY AGGRESSION WHERE THE VICTIM IS A SMALL DOG. Larsen, Knud s.; Ashlock, Jim; Carroll, Chris; Foote, Susan; Feeler, John; Keller, Ernest; Seese, Gordon; Watkins, Dave // Social Behavior & Personality: an international journal;1974, Vol. 2 Issue 2, p174 

    Studies the willingness of subjects to punish human beings by shocking a supposed victim after the victim made a wrong choice in a learning paradigm. Importance of situational pressures in producing varying levels of laboratory aggression; Absence of difference in the shocking levels...

  • Effects of group and situational factors onpre-adolescent children's attitudes to school bullying. Nesdale, Drew; Scarlett, Michael // International Journal of Behavioral Development;Sep2004, Vol. 28 Issue 5, p428 

    This study examined the effect on pre-adolescent children's attitudes to bullying of one group-based variable (group status) and two situational variables (rule legitimacy and rule consistency). Pre-adolescent boys ( n = 229) read a story about a group of boys who had high or low (handball)...

  • PUNISHMENT HISTORY AND ADULT ATTITUDES TOWARDS VIOLENCE AND AGGRESSION IN MEN AND WOMEN. MacIntyre, Daniel I.; Cantrell, Peggy J. // Social Behavior & Personality: an international journal;1995, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p23 

    Some sociological and psychological theories view physical punishment as a form of violence which promotes violent behavior and attitudes in children. However, it is used by 90% of American parents. The long-term impact of such widespread reliance on physical punishment on children's lives is...

  • In the Literature.  // Pediatrics for Parents;Mar/Apr2011, Vol. 27 Issue 3/4, p4 

    The article discusses a study conducted to know the relation between spanking three year olds and their subsequent aggressive behavior.

  • Spanking young children may contribute to future aggressive behaviors.  // Infectious Diseases in Children;May2010, Vol. 23 Issue 5, p52 

    The article discusses research published in a 2010 issue of "Pediatrics" which found children are likely to be aggressive at the age of 5 if they were frequently spanked at the age of 3.

  • Smacking link to later behaviour. Morton, Katy // Nursery World (Haymarket Business Publications Ltd);4/22/2010, Vol. 110 Issue 4216, p3 

    The article discusses the results of a study titled "Mothers Spanking of Three-Year-Old Children and Subsequent Risk of Children's Aggressive Behavior," in the May 2010 issue of the journal "Pediatrics," which suggests the likelihood of an aggressive behavior of children who are frequently spanked.

  • The Ethics of Force: Against Aggression and Violence. Apressyan, Ruben G. // Diogenes;2009, Vol. 56 Issue 2/3, p95 

    In opposition to the absolutist ethics of non-violence, the author argues that in response to aggression and violence one has to use every means possible to prevent them. To resist violence is a moral duty of the individual. It would be desirable for violence to be prevented by strength of mind,...

  • The Effect of Life Expectancy on Aggression and Generativity: A Life History Perspective. Dunkel, Curtis S.; Mathes, Eugene; Papini, Dennis R. // Evolutionary Psychology;2010, Vol. 8 Issue 3, p492 

    Following a model that is inclusive of both dispositional and situational influences on life-history behaviors and attitudes, the effect of life expectancies on aggression and generativity was examined. Consistent with the hypotheses it was found that shorter life expectancies led to an increase...

  • Risk factor models for adolescent verbal and physical aggression toward mothers. Pagani, Linda; Tremblay, Richard; Nagin, Daniel; Zoccolillo, Mark; Vitaro, Frank; McDuff, Pierre // International Journal of Behavioral Development;Nov2004, Vol. 28 Issue 6, p528 

    Contributing to the family violence and conflict literature, we examine prospective and concurrent risk factors associated with verbal and physical aggression toward mothers by 15/16 year-old adolescent sons and daughters. Data from the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Kindergarten Children is used...

  • Retaliatory aggression on psychiatric patients. Kumar, K. A. // Indian Journal of Psychiatry;Jan-Mar2013, Vol. 55 Issue 1, p92 

    In this article the author discusses retaliatory aggression in psychiatric patients. He said that psychiatric patient gets aggressive, destructive and dangerous when they get haunted by frightening delusions. He also said that being victims of bizarre experiences, the patient can attacks others...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics