Super-resolution in laser annealing and ablation

Avrutsky, Ivan; Georgiev, Daniel G.; Frankstein, Dmitry; Auner, Gregory; Newaz, Golam
March 2004
Applied Physics Letters;3/29/2004, Vol. 84 Issue 13, p2391
Academic Journal
This letter reports observation of ablated holes as small as 0.7 μm fabricated by single 25 ns pulses of KrF (λ=248 nm) laser focused onto a 5.6 μm spot. Samples with high thermal conductivity films with respect to that of the substrate (Si/silica, Al/glass) repeatedly showed considerable reduction in the size of the ablated spot (0.7- and 1.2-μm-diam holes, respectively). This letter also presents a likely mechanism of the observed super-resolution and the criteria necessary to achieve super-resolution. Due to the nonoptical origin of this effect it is expected that a tightly focused (<0.5 μm) laser beam can be used to ablate with nanoscale (<100 nm) resolution. © 2004 American Institute of Physics.


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