TITLE

The dissemination of anthrax from imported wool: Kidderminster 1900-14

AUTHOR(S)
Carter, T.
PUB. DATE
February 2004
SOURCE
Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Feb2004, Vol. 61 Issue 2, p103
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: A century ago anthrax was a continuing health risk in the town of Kidderminster. The distribution of cases in people and in animals provides an indication of the routes by which spores were disseminated. The response to these cases provides an insight into attitudes to an occupational and environmental risk at the time and can be compared with responses in more recent times. Aims: To assess the distribution of anthrax cases associated with the use of contaminated wool and to review the response to them. Methods: The area studied was Kidderminster, Worcestershire, England, from 1900 to 1914. Data sources were national records of the Factory Inspectorate and local records from the infirmary, Medical Officer of Health and inquest reports, and county agricultural records, supplemented by contemporary and later review articles. Case reports and summary data were analysed, and discussions and actions taken to improve precautions reviewed. Results: There were 36 cases of anthrax, with five deaths, one of which was the sole case of the internal form of the disease. Cases of cutaneous anthrax were most frequently found in those handling raw wool, but they also occurred in workers at later stages of the spinning process and in people with little or no recorded exposure to contaminated wool. Limited precautionary measures were in place at the start of the study period. Some improvements were made, especially in the treatment of infections, but wool with a high risk of anthrax contamination continued to be used and cases continued to arise. Major changes were made to the disposal of waste and to agricultural practice in contaminated areas to curtail outbreaks in farm animals. Conclusions: The introduction of anthrax as a contaminant of imported wool led not only to cases in the highly exposed groups of workers but also to cases in other members of the population and in farm animals. The measures taken during the study period reduced fatalities from cutaneous...
ACCESSION #
12579453

 

Related Articles

  • Two Cases of Gastrointestinal Anthrax with an Unusual Presentation from Kermanshah (Western Iran). Hatami, Hossein; Ramazankhani, Ali; Mansoori, Feizollah // Archives of Iranian Medicine (AIM);Mar2010, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p156 

    During 1988 -1994 a total of 38 cases of human anthrax were admitted to Sina Hospital in Kermanshah (western Iran). There were two cases of gastrointestinal anthrax (5.3%) with culture positive ascitic fluid. Among the many reported gastrointestinal signs and symptoms, unexpectedly one of our...

  • Lethal Factor and Anti-Protective Antigen IgG Levels Associated with Inhalation Anthrax, Minnesota, USA. Sprenkle, Mark D.; Griffith, Jayne; Marinelli, William; Boyer, Anne E.; Quinn, Conrad P.; Pesik, Nicki T.; Hoffmaster, Alex; Keenan, Joseph; Juni, Billie A.; Blaney, David D. // Emerging Infectious Diseases;Feb2014, Vol. 20 Issue 2, p310 

    Bacillus anthracis was identified in a 61-year-old man hospitalized in Minnesota, USA. Cooperation between the hospital and the state health agency enhanced prompt identification of the pathogen. Treatment comprising antimicrobial drugs, anthrax immune globulin, and pleural drainage led to full...

  • Work in brief. Palmer, Keith // Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Jul2004, Vol. 61 Issue 7, p569 

    Introduces a series of articles on occupational and environmental medicine.

  • Work in brief. Loomis, Dana // Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Oct2004, Vol. 61 Issue 10, p795 

    Introduces a series of articles on researches and studies on occupational and environmental medicine.

  • Work in brief. Palmer, Keith // Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Dec2004, Vol. 61 Issue 12, p951 

    Introduces a series articles about occupational and environmental medicine.

  • Work in brief. Loomis, Dana // Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Sep2004, Vol. 61 Issue 9, preceding p727 

    Introduces a series of articles on occupational and environmental medicine.

  • Correction.  // Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Mar2014, Vol. 71 Issue 3, p228 

    A correction to an article about mean cummulative exposure published in the number 71, 2014 issue of the journal "Occupational and Environmental Medicine" is presented.

  • Work in brief. Palmer, Keith // Occupational & Environmental Medicine;May2005, Vol. 62 Issue 5, preceding p281 

    Introduces a series of articles on occupational and environmental medicine.

  • Visceral anthrax imported from Africa. Paulet, R.; Smith, Jeanette M. // JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association;6/22/94-6/29/94, Vol. 271 Issue 24, p1890b 

    Presents a case of visceral anthrax in an African immigrant in France. Types of manifestations; Vital signs of immigrants; Lung examination; Laboratory tests for diagnosis; Treatment regimen; Patient progress; Chest x-ray results; Complications; Outcome of the case; Percentage of visceral...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sign out of this library

Other Topics