Temporal Contiguity and Contingency Judgments: A Pavlovian Analogue

Allan, Lorraine G.; Tangen, Jason M.; Wood, Robert; Shah, Taral
July 2003
Integrative Physiological & Behavioral Science;Jul-Sep2003, Vol. 38 Issue 3, p214
Academic Journal
The two experiments reported examine the role of temporal contiguity on judgments of contingency in a human analogue of the Pavlovian task. The data show that the effect of the actual delay on contingency judgment depends on the observer's expectation regarding the delay. For a fixed contingency between the cue and the outcome, ratings of the contingency are higher when the actual delay is congruent with the observer's expectation than when it is incongruent. We argue that our data can be understood within the context of the temporal coding hypothesis.


Related Articles

  • A model of Pavlovian conditioning: Variations in representations of the unconditional stimulus. Jacobs, W. Jake; Blackburn, James R. // Integrative Physiological & Behavioral Science;Jan-Mar95, Vol. 30 Issue 1, p12 

    Presents a model of Pavlovian excitatory conditioning in which associative strength and malleable central representations of unconditional stimuli (UCS) determine the strength of conditional responding. Bush-Mosteller family of associative models; Phenomena demonstrating dissociation between...

  • Blocking in Pavlovian conditioning: Effect of prior excitatory conditioning to a stimulus... DeVito, Paul L.; Cashman, Laurie // Psychological Reports;Jun94 Part 2, Vol. 74 Issue 3, p1363 

    Assesses the effect of prior excitatory conditioning to a stimulus not included in the compound conditioning phase of the typical blocking experiment. Interpretation of the experiments' findings in the context of pseudoconditioning-induced rehearsal of an unconditioned stimulus representation...

  • Making Causal Judgments From the Proportion of Confirming Instances: The pCI Rule. White, Peter A. // Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory & Cognition;Jul2003, Vol. 29 Issue 4, p710 

    It is proposed that causal judgments about contingency information are derived from the proportion of confirmatory instances (pCI) that are evaluated as confirmatory for the causal candidate. In 6 experiments, pCI values were manipulated independently of objective contingencies assessed by the...

  • Study the everyday effects of classical conditioning.  // Curriculum Review;May98, Vol. 37 Issue 9, p11 

    Presents an activity that will introduce students in the United States from Grades 2-6 to classical conditioning. Demonstration of the activity.

  • Autonomic nervous control of heart rate orienting and alpha responses in dog. Li, Shenggang; Randall, David C. // Integrative Physiological & Behavioral Science;Apr-Jun97, Vol. 32 Issue 2, p113 

    Describes an experiment on the autonomic nervous control of alpha responses elicited in classical conditioning of dogs. Elucidation of alpha response and the conditional response by long CS-USCS interval; Examination of the effect of discriminative conditioning on the different phases of heart...

  • Pavlovian conditioning of the tickle response of human subjects: Temporal and delay conditioning. Newman, Bobby; O'Grady, Mairead A. // Perceptual & Motor Skills;Dec93, Vol. 77 Issue 3, p779 

    Investigates the response to a verbal stimulus preceding the tickle stimulus based on the classical framework. Previous studies by Hoshikawa; Experimental method; Neutral stimulus; Unconditioned stimulus; Partial reinforcement; Temporal conditioning; Results and discussion; Suggestions for...

  • Parallels between qualitative research and sequentially performed quantitive research. Huysamen, G.K. // South African Journal of Psychology;Mar97, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p1 

    Presents information on phases of hypothesis formulation, data collection, analysis and interpretation, while focusing on quantitative and qualitative research. Definitions for qualitative and quantitative research; Comparison of the quantitative and qualitative cycle; Reference to the 1993...

  • Spontaneous recovery from overexpectation. Rescorla, Robert A. // Learning & Behavior;Feb2006, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p13 

    In three Pavlovian magazine approach experiments, rats received conditioning of auditory and visual stimuli by pairing with a pellet. Then the stimuli received additional conditioning while presented in simultaneous compound and were tested either immediately or after a delay. The compound...

  • Complexity, Methodology and Method: Crafting a Critical Process of Research. ALHADEFF-JONES, MICHEL // Complicity: An International Journal of Complexity & Education;2013, Vol. 10 Issue 1/2, p19 

    This paper defines a theoretical framework aiming to support the actions and reflections of researchers looking for a 'method' in order to critically conceive the complexity of a scientific process of research. First, it starts with a brief overview of the core assumptions framing Morin's...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics