Predictors of voluntary medical male circumcision prevalence among men aged 25-39 years in Nyanza region, Kenya: Results from the baseline survey of the TASCO study

Odoyo-June, Elijah; Agot, Kawango; Grund, Jonathan M.; Onchiri, Frankline; Musingila, Paul; Mboya, Edward; Emusu, Donath; Onyango, Jacob; Ohaga, Spala; Soo, Leonard; Otieno-Nyunya, Boaz
October 2017
PLoS ONE;10/05/2017, Vol. 12 Issue 10, p1
Academic Journal
Introduction: Uptake of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) as an intervention for prevention of HIV acquisition has been low among men aged ≥25 years in Nyanza region, western Kenya. We conducted a baseline survey of the prevalence and predictors of VMMC among men ages 25–39 years as part of the preparations for a cluster randomized controlled trial (cRCT) called the rget, peed and verage (TASCO) Study. The TASCO Study aimed to assess the impact of two demand creation interventions—interpersonal communication (IPC) and dedicated service outlets (DSO), delivered separately and together (IPC + DSO)—on VMMC uptake. Methods: As part of the preparatory work for implementation of the cRCT to evaluate tailored interventions to improve uptake of VMMC, we conducted a survey of men aged 25–39 years from a traditionally non-circumcising Kenyan ethnic community within non-contiguous locations selected as study sites. We determined their circumcision status, estimated the baseline circumcision prevalence and assessed predictors of being circumcised using univariate and multivariate logistic regression. Results: A total of 5,639 men were enrolled of which 2,851 (50.6%) reported being circumcised. The odds of being circumcised were greater for men with secondary education (adjusted Odds Ratio (aOR) = 1.65; 95% CI: 1.45–1.86, p<0.001), post-secondary education (aOR = 1.72; 95% CI: 1.44–2.06, p <0.001), and those employed (aOR = 1.32; 95% CI: 1.18–1.47, p <0.001). However, the odds were lower for men with a history of being married (currently married, divorced, separated, or widowed). Conclusion: Among adult men in the rural Nyanza region of Kenya, men with post-primary education and employed were more likely to be circumcised. VMMC programs should focus on specific sub-groups of men, including those aged 25–39 years who are married, divorced/separated/ widowed, and of low socio-economic status (low education and unemployed).


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