Trunk and craniofacial asymmetry are not associated in the general population: a cross-sectional study of 1029 adolescents

Arienti, Chiara; Villafañe, Jorge Hugo; Donzelli, Sabrina; Zaina, Fabio; Buraschi, Riccardo; Negrini, Stefano
September 2017
European Journal of Medical Research;9/29/2017, Vol. 22, p1
Academic Journal
Background: The literature did not show clearly if a correlation between trunk and facial asymmetry exists. The aim of this study was to verify the association between trunk and facial asymmetries, and trunk and facial sagittal configuration in adolescents. Methods: This is a cross-sectional screening study. It was carried out in a small town in Northern Italy, from February to April 2014. Healthy children met the inclusion criteria. Exclusion criteria were subjects with physical and cognitive disability, genetic disease, and polymorphism. All subjects underwent a three phases for postural screening program. Results: 1029 healthy children were 491 females and 538 males with mean age: 12 (range 11-16) years. The association of facial and trunk asymmetry had a point prevalence rate around 1% for the various regions of the spine, the association on the sagittal plane of almost 1.3% for hyperkyphosis and hyperlordosis. Overall, results showed a very low sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values of facial anomalies for trunk asymmetry and sagittal spinal posture. Conclusion: While correlations between jaw position and body posture for cervical spine can exist, our study denied association with trunk and back in a general population: postural compensatory mechanism may have minimized the effects of one area on the other, if any existed.


Related Articles

  • POSTURAL RESPONSES TO SLOW PLATFORM TILTS IN HEALTHY SUBJECTS. Judge, James; Fraai, Lionel M. // Gerontologist;Oct1996 Supplement, Vol. 36 Issue 1, p90 

    Aim: To determine the sensory and motor contributors to postural control. Methods: a cross-sectional study of healthy young and old volunteers (18 young, 23 old). Two randomized blocks of 12 platform tilts (velocity from 0.50 to 16%4). The center of force (COF) signal was analyzed to determine...

  • Study of body mass (BMI) index and truncal asymmetry (TA) in healthy adolescents. Grivas, T. B.; Burwell, R. G.; Mihas, C.; Vasiliadis, E. S.; Triantafyllopoulos, G.; Kaspiris, A. // Scoliosis (17487161);2009 Supplement 2, Vol. 4, Special section p1 

    Introduction Recent findings have linked BMI in girls with thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) to skeletal asymmetries of the spine and upper arm. Purpose The aim of this study in healthy adolescents is to evaluate the association between BMI and back shape asymmetry, termed here TA....

  • What exercise can I do to look taller? Cosgrove, Alwyn // Best Life;Sep2008, Vol. 5 Issue 7, p38 

    The article recommends several exercises to help improve one's height. The exercises all extend one's height by balancing the musculature of the upper body. Good posture maximizes the natural height of a person, while poor posture minimizes it, and the greatest determinant of whether his posture...

  • Symmetry of support scull and vertical position stability in synchronized swimming. WINIARSKI, SŁAWOMIR; DUBIEL-WUCHOWICZ, KAROLINA; RUTKOWSKA-KUCHARSKA, ALICJA // Acta of Bioengineering & Biomechanics;2013, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p113 

    Maintaining the body underwater in the so-called vertical position, where the body is inverted (head down) and balanced, is made possible by performing the support scull movement by the upper limbs. In synchronized swimming, the main criteria for judging this vertical position are maintaining...

  • Effect of the Trunk Posture on Chest Wall Motion during Breathing -Focused on Volume Change-. Shobo, Akira; Yamamoto, Sumiko // Rigakuryoho Kagaku;2011, Vol. 26 Issue 6, p753 

    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of the trunk posture on the chest wall motion from the volume change of the chest wall compartment. [Subjects] The subjects were 12 healthy males. [Methods] We measured chest wall motion during breathing in two sitting positions...

  • A Preliminary Studies on the Effects of Varying Backpack Loads on Trunk Inclination During Level Walking. Abd. Rahman, Sharifah Alwiah Syed; Rambely, Azmin Sham; Ahmad, Rokiah Rozita // European Journal of Scientific Research;Mar2009, Vol. 28 Issue 2, p294 

    Measuring the trunk inclination angle has been one of the methods used to determine the effects of backpack load on the changes of posture in children and adults. This study aims at examining the effects of load carriage on the trunk inclination angle of two boys with mean aged 6.5 years old...

  • Reaching Movement in the Sitting Position: Analysis of Trunk Control of Healthy Adults. KAZUHIRO KOMINE; SUMIKO YAMAMOTO // Rigakuryoho Kagaku;Mar/Apr2013, Vol. 28 Issue 2, p195 

    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the position of an object, on postural adjustments during reaching movements in the sitting position. [Subjects] The subjects were 10 healthy volunteers. [Method] Subjects reached with the right hand for a plastic bottle (500...

  • Perception of hand motion direction uses a gravitational reference. Darling, Warren; Viaene, Angela; Peterson, Clayton; Schmiedeler, James // Experimental Brain Research;Apr2008, Vol. 186 Issue 2, p237 

    We studied possible frames of reference for kinesthetic perception of imposed hand motion direction in the frontal plane in ten young adult subjects with no history of neuromuscular disease. In one experiment, subjects were instructed to set unseen hand motion imposed by a motorized linear slide...

  • Reliability of trunk shape measurements based on 3-D surface reconstructions. Pazos, Valérie; Cheriet, Farida; Danserau, Jean; Ronsky, Janet; Zernicke, Ronald F.; Labelle, Hubert // European Spine Journal;Nov2007, Vol. 16 Issue 11, p1882 

    This study aimed to estimate the reliability of 3-D trunk surface measurements for the characterization of external asymmetry associated with scoliosis. Repeated trunk surface acquisitions using the Inspeck system (Inspeck Inc., Montreal, Canada), with two different postures A (anatomical...

  • Evaluation of Spinal Internal Loads and Lumbar Curvature under Holding Static Load at Different Trunk and Knee Positions. Kahrizi, Sedighe; Pamianpour, Mohammad; Firoozabadi, Seyyed Mohammad; Kasemnejad, Anoshirvan; Karimi, Elham // Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences;2007, Vol. 10 Issue 7, p1036 

    A study was performed to investigate how different trunk and knee positions while holding static loads affect the lumbar curvature and internal loads on the lumbar spine at L4-L5. Ten healthy male subjects participated in this study. Two inclinometers were used to evaluate the curvature of...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics