Mucosal Regeneration of a Duodenal Defect Using Small Intestine Submucosa

De Ugarte, Daniel A.; Choi, Edmund; Weitzbuch, Hal; Wulur, Isabella; Caulkins, Carrie; Wu, Ben; Fonkalsrud, Eric W.; Atkinson, James B.; Dunn, James C. Y.
January 2004
American Surgeon;Jan2004, Vol. 70 Issue 1, p49
Academic Journal
Intestinal tissue engineering has the potential of developing new treatment strategies for patients with a deficit in intestinal surface area. The purpose of this study was to investigate the capacity of small intestine submucosa (SIS) to regenerate intestinal epithelia in a rodent model for a duodenal defect. A duodenotomy was created in 20 Sprague-Dawley rats and was repaired with a circular patch of SIS. The repaired sites were retrieved 1, 2, 4, and 12 weeks after implantation. The size of the residual mucosal defect was measured. The retrieved tissues were fixed in formalin and processed by standard histologic techniques. The animals tolerated the procedure well. The mean size of the mucosal defects significantly decreased with time. Complete epithelialization of the defects was noted within 4 weeks in three of five samples. Histologically, the defects were lined with crypts and villi, but the muscularis layer did not regenerate. In the rodent model, SIS can be used as a patch to repair a duodenotomy. Mucosal regeneration was observed in the area of the defect. Further studies will determine whether SIS may be used to preserve or increase mucosal surface area in patients whose bowel length is compromised.


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