Nanostructuring the Er–Yb distribution to improve the photoluminescence response of thin films

Suarez-Garcia, A.; Serna, R.; de Castro, M. Jiménez; Afonso, C. N.; Vickridge, I.
March 2004
Applied Physics Letters;3/22/2004, Vol. 84 Issue 12, p2151
Academic Journal
Thin films of amorphous aluminum oxide (a-Al[sub 2]O[sub 3]) codoped with Er[sup 3+] and Yb[sup 3+] ions have been in-depth nanostructured by distributing the rate earth (RE) ions in layers separated in the 0–3 nm range. The Yb to Er concentration ratio is varied from 0 to 3.6. The photoluminescence (PL) response at 1.53 μm exhibits an increase of up to two orders of magnitude with respect to that of films doped only with Er. The PL intensity is improved when Yb[sup 3+] and Er[sup 3+] ions are in separate layers and the results show that efficient Yb[sup 3+] to Er[sup 3+] energy transfer can be achieved for separations up to 3 nm. Furthermore, it is shown that designing an adequate RE distribution, for the same total RE content and Yb to Er concentration ratio, can enhance the PL intensity by a further factor of two. It is shown that the Er[sup 3+] PL response is improved because of a reduction of the RE clustering and an improvement of the energy transfer from Yb[sup 3+] to Er[sup 3+] ions. © 2004 American Institute of Physics.


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