Microfluidic tunable photonic band-gap device

Domachuk, P.; Nguyen, H.C.; Eggleton, B.J.; Straub, M.; Gu, M.
March 2004
Applied Physics Letters;3/15/2004, Vol. 84 Issue 11, p1838
Academic Journal
We introduce a method for tuning a photonic band-gap material by means of displacing microfluidic plugs. The fluid is introduced into air voids that constitute the structure of the photonic crystal and is displaced using a capillary heater. The photonic crystal geometry is obtained using a microstructured optical fiber, comprising a periodically spaced array of air holes that is interrogated in the transverse direction, creating a “tall microchip.” Optical spectra are compared to band structure calculations of an idealized band-gap material. © 2004 American Institute of Physics.


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