TITLE

DNA-Demethylase Regulated Genes Show Methylation-Independent Spatiotemporal Expression Patterns

AUTHOR(S)
Schumann, Ulrike; Joanne Lee; Kazan, Kemal; Ayliffe, Michael; Ming-Bo Wang
PUB. DATE
August 2017
SOURCE
Frontiers in Plant Science;8/28/2017, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Recent research has indicated that a subset of defense-related genes is downregulated in the Arabidopsis DNA demethylase triple mutant rdd (ros1 dml2 dml3) resulting in increased susceptibility to the fungal pathogen Fusarium oxysporum. In rdd plants these downregulated genes contain hypermethylated transposable element sequences (TE) in their promoters, suggesting that this methylation represses gene expression in the mutant and that these sequences are actively demethylated in wild-type plants to maintain gene expression. In this study, the tissue-specific and pathogen-inducible expression patterns of rdd-downregulated genes were investigated and the individual role of ROS1, DML2 and DML3 demethylases in these spatiotemporal regulation patterns was determined. Large differences in defense gene expression were observed between pathogen-infected and uninfected tissues and between root and shoot tissues in both WT and rdd plants, however, only subtle changes in promoter TE methylation patterns occurred. Therefore, while TE hypermethylation caused decreased gene expression in rdd plants it did not dramatically effect spatiotemporal gene regulation, suggesting that this latter regulation is largely methylation independent. Analysis of ros1-3, dml2-1 and dml3-1 single gene mutant lines showed that promoter TE hypermethylation and defense-related gene repression was predominantly, but not exclusively, due to loss of ROS1 activity. These data demonstrate that DNA demethylation of TE sequences, largely by ROS1, promotes defense-related gene expression but does not control spatiotemporal expression in Arabidopsis. Summary: Ros1-mediated DNA demethylation of promoter transposable elements is essential for activation of defense-related gene expression in response to fungal infection in Arabidopsis thaliana.
ACCESSION #
124880181

 

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