TITLE

Hidden Language Impairments in Children: Parallels Between Poor Reading Comprehension and Specific Language Impairment?

AUTHOR(S)
Nation, Kate; Clarke, Paula; Marshall, Catherine M.; Durand, Marianne
PUB. DATE
February 2004
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb2004, Vol. 47 Issue 1, p199
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This study investigates the oral language skills of 8-year-old children with impaired reading comprehension. Despite fluent and accurate reading and normal nonverbal ability, these children are poor at understanding what they have read. Tasks tapping 3 domains of oral language, namely phonology, semantics, and morphosyntax, were administered, along with measures that reflect an interaction of language domains that we refer to as broader language skills. Relative to control children matched for age and decoding ability, poor comprehenders were impaired across all measures except those tapping phonological skills. In addition to low oral language ability characterizing the group as a whole, some individuals had marked language impairments; it is argued that a substantial minority can be classified as having specific language impairment. However, none of the children had been previously recognized as having a language or reading impairment. These findings demonstrate that serious reading and language impairments are not always obvious in children who have good phonological ability and appear, superficially at least, to read well.
ACCESSION #
12474027

 

Related Articles

  • Working Memory Capacity and Language Processes in Children With Specific Language Impairment. Marton, Klara; Schwartz, Richard G. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2003, Vol. 46 Issue 5, p1138 

    This study examined the interaction between working memory and language comprehension in children with specific language impairment (SLI), focusing on the function of the central executive component and its interaction with the phonological loop (A. D. Baddeley, 1986) in complex working memory...

  • Nonword Repetition: A Comparison of Tests. Archibald, Lisa M. D.; Gathercole, Susan E. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2006, Vol. 49 Issue 5, p970 

    Purpose: This study compared performance of children on 2 tests of nonword repetition to investigate the factors that may contribute to the well-documented nonword repetition deficit in specific language impairment (SLI). Method: Twelve children with SLI age 7 to 11 years, 12 age-matched control...

  • Analysis and Control in Children With SLI. Lum, Jarrad A. G.; Bavin, Edith L. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2007, Vol. 50 Issue 6, p1618 

    Purpose: E. Bialystok and E. B. Ryan (1985) have outlined two operations, analysis and control, which are required for grammaticality judgments. In this model, analysis is involved in determining the grammaticality of a sentence, and control is required so that irrelevant information is ignored....

  • Oral language difficulties. Lindsay, Geoff; University of Warwick, Geoff; Dockrell, Julie; Institute of Education, Julie; University of London, Julie // Literacy Today;Jun2003, Issue 35, p21 

    The article focuses on children with oral language difficulties. Children with specific speech and language difficulties experience problems with the acquisition and processing of oral language skills, despite non-verbal cognitive skills in the average range and an absence of severe physical or...

  • Processing and Linguistic Markers in Young Children With Specific Language Impairment (SLI). Conti-Ramsden, Gina // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2003, Vol. 46 Issue 5, p1029 

    Thirty-two 5-year-old children with specific language impairment (SLI) and 32 chronological age (CA) controls completed 4 tasks that were considered potential positive markers for SLI. Children's performance on 2 linguistic tasks (past tense and noun plurals task) and 2 processing tasks (nonword...

  • A Method for Examining Productivity of Grammatical Morphology in Children With and Without Specific Language Impairment. Miller, Carol A.; Deevy, Patricia // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2003, Vol. 46 Issue 5, p1154 

    Children with specific language impairment (SLI) show inconsistent use of grammatical morphology. Children who are developing language typically also show a period during which they produce grammatical morphemes inconsistently. Various theories claim that both young typically developing children...

  • Taxometric Analyses of Specific Language Impairment in 3- and 4-Year-Old Children. Dollaghan, Christine A. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Apr2004, Vol. 47 Issue 2, p464 

    Specific language impairment (SLI), like many diagnostic labels for complex behavioral conditions, is often assumed to define a category of children who differ not only in degree but also in kind from children developing language normally. Although this assumption has important implications for...

  • The Onset of Tense Marking in Children at Risk for Specific Language Impairment. Hadley, Pamela A.; Short, Heather // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2005, Vol. 48 Issue 6, p1344 

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate measures reflecting the onset of tense marking for children between the ages of 2;0 (years;months) and 3;0. Method: The validity of 4 cumulative measures of tense marker emergence and productivity was evaluated relative to existing...

  • Verb Learning in Children With SLI: Frequency and Spacing Effects. Riches, N. G.; Tomasello, M.; Conti-Ramsden, Gina // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2005, Vol. 48 Issue 6, p1397 

    Purpose: This study explored the effect of frequency (number of presentations), and spacing (period between presentations) on verb learning in children with specific language impairment (SLI). Children learn words more efficiently when presentations are frequent and appropriately spaced, and...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics