Rachieru, Mioara Săndulache; Faciu, Maria-Ema; Ifrim, Irina; Stefanescu, Ioana; Kamari, Azlan; Stamate, Marius; Lazăr, Iuliana
April 2017
Environmental Engineering & Management Journal (EEMJ);Apr2017, Vol. 16 Issue 4, p859
Academic Journal
In the current context of industrialization, chemical and radioactive pollution is a concern for environmental protection and interference with human health. Care for environmental protection also includes vegetation that grows spontaneously in potentially contaminated places, thus avoiding illness among the population if consumed. The study area is located at 4.5km SSE from downtown Bacău City, Romania and is the result of the manufacture of H3PO4 through the wet method. In this study, the concentrations of cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and copper (Cu) in soil, and in Artemisia absinthium L. (root and aerial part) medicinal plant that grows spontaneously in a polluted area, respectively the phosphogypsum landfill from Bacău, were evaluated for two consecutive years, 2014 and 2015. The main purpose of this paper is to investigate the level of bioaccumulation in plants and soil concentrations immediately after definitive ending of the commercial activity of Amurco SA Bacău located in the southern industrial area of the city and 10 years after ending of the dumping of the phosphogypsum storage. The obtained results were compared with the reference values according to the legislation on environmental pollution assessment. The average values obtained for soil Cd concentration are close to the normal values for samples taken from the phosphogypsum landfill, respectively 1 mg/kg in both studied years. However, some values for Cd in the soil were above the normal value, respectively 1.227 mg/kg in 2014 and 2.665 mg/kg in 2015. We note that in 2015, unlike in 2014, thus evidencing the effect of accumulation over time, the presence of values above the normal value also in the case of Cd in the soil (33.034 mg/kg) and in the case of Pb in the soil (34.117 mg/kg). The concentration of heavy metals (Cu, Pb and Cd) in the plant material harvested in 2014 and 2015 has exceeded the maximum concentration recommended by the Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC) for most samples. Also, the values for γ radioactivity bioaccumulation factors are up to four times higher in the roots than in the aerial parts. In terms of biometric parameters, there was observed a strong direct correlation between the length of the aerial parts and level of gamma radioactivity in soil samples at both depths. The results registered for the plants grown on the top of the landfill show that the high values of heavy metals bioaccumulation degree from the aerial parts can be caused by adsorption of particles from the air. Thus, it can be concluded that even if the influence of the phosphogypsum landfill is only local, a monitoring program of aerial transport is needed.


Related Articles

  • wormwood.  // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009);2009, Issue 21, p2503 

    A definition of the term "wormwood," which refers to absinthium, a toxic substance taken from Artemisia absinthium, is presented.

  • Effects of a nurse shrub on seed deposition and seedling recruitment of the annual Agriophyllum squarrosum. Li, F.-R.; Li, G.; Kang, L.-F.; Huang, Z.-G.; Wang, Q.; Liu, J.-L. // Web Ecology;2007, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p94 

    The shrub Artemisia halodendron and the annual herb Agriophyllum squarrosum, which typically co-occur in a mobile sandy habitat in eastern inner Mongolia, China, were used to determine whether the presence of A. halodendron influences seed deposition and seedling recruitment of A. squarrosum...

  • In vitro trematocidal effects of crude alcoholic extracts of Artemisia annua, A. absinthium, Asimina triloba, and Fumaria officinalis. Ferreira, Jorge; Peaden, Paul; Keiser, Jennifer // Parasitology Research;Dec2011, Vol. 109 Issue 6, p1585 

    Trematode infections negatively affect human and livestock health, and threaten global food safety. The only approved human anthelmintics for trematodiasis are triclabendazole and praziquantel with no alternative drugs in sight. We tested six crude plant extracts against adult Schistosoma...

  • Artemisia absinthium (AA): a novel potential complementary and alternative medicine for breast cancer. Shafi, Gowhar; Hasan, Tarique; Syed, Naveed; Al-Hazzani, Amal; Alshatwi, Ali; Jyothi, A.; Munshi, Anjana // Molecular Biology Reports;Jul2012, Vol. 39 Issue 7, p7373 

    Natural products have become increasingly important in pharmaceutical discoveries, and traditional herbalism has been a pioneering specialty in biomedical science. The search for effective plant-derived anticancer agents has continued to gain momentum in recent years. The present study aimed to...

  • AWAY WITH THE FAIRIES. Baxter, Sean // Bars & Clubs;Jul/Aug2010, Issue 55, p38 

    The article discusses facts on absinthe including its history, its maker Pierre Ordinaire, its ingredients which include green anise, grand wormwood and Florence fennel and the procedure on how it is made. It notes that most absinthes contain an oily chemical called Thujone, considered to be a...

  • STABILITY OF α-THUJONE AND β-THUJONE IN BITTER LIQUER "PELINKOVAC.". Miličević, Borislav; Lukić, Igor; Šubarić, Drago; Babić, Jurislav; Miličević, Radoslav; Jašić, Midhat // Technologica Acta;Jun2011, Vol. 4 Issue 1, p27 

    Since 19th century, a controversial discussion is going on about thujone, a characteristic component of the essential oil of the wormwood plant Artemisia absinthium L., Salvia officinalis and other, which are commonly used in production process of alcoholic beverages such as wormwood flavored...

  • Preliminary Studies on Plants with Anthelmintic Properties in Kashmir--The North-West Temperate Himalayan Region of India. Tariq, Khurshid A.; Tantry, Mudasir A. // Chinese Medicine (2151-1918);Jun2012, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p106 

    There is a growing interest in traditional uses of plants for health care among different communities especially in the developing countries. Kashmir valley is a temperate agro-climatic zone of north-west temperate Himalayan region of India and is blessed with a diverse variety of medicinal...

  • PALYNOLOGICAL STUDY OF POLLEN GRAINS OF ARTEMISIA VULGARIS PLANT. Kallajxhiu, Nikoleta; Naqellari, Peçi; Kapidani, Gëzim; Pupuleku, Blerina; Dauti, Anxhela; Jançe, Admir // International Journal of Ecosystems & Ecology Sciences;Jun2013, Vol. 3 Issue 3, p397 

    This article represents for the first time in the Albania's palynological literature information about data on the palynological characteristics of pollen grains of Artemisia vulgaris plant, Compositae family. The results obtained are shown compared with the palynomorphological features of...

  • Toxicity of essential oils to the larvae of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noetuidae). knaak, Neiva; Wiest, Shana L. F.; Andreis, Tiago F.; Fiuza, Lidia M. // Journal of Biopesticides;Jun2013, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p49 

    This study evaluates the effect of plant oils on the caterpillars of Spodoptera frugiperda. The oil obtained from Cymbopogon citratus had the lowest median lethal concentration (LC50=0.19 μL/cm2) in comparison with the other treatments. The contact test demonstrated that Zengiber officinale...

  • USE OF GARLIC, ABSINTHIUM AND CELANDINE EXTRACTS AS NATURAL REPELLENTS. Rotaru-Stancic, Manuela; Coprean, Dragomir; Sava, Daciana; Dobrinas, Simona; Miron, Liliana; Schiopu, Stelian // Environmental Engineering & Management Journal (EEMJ);Mar2011, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p445 

    In this study six extracts (aqueous, oleaginous and alcoholic extracts) from L. Allium sativum (garlic), L. Artemisia absinthium (absinthium) and L. Chelidonium majus (celandine) were obtained and characterized, in order to select them and test the ability to act as a natural repellent. The...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics