TITLE

GEOCHEMICAL DISTRIBUTION OF TRACE ELEMENTS IN AN ABANDONED WASTE MINE DUMP FROM GIUMALAU MOUNTAINS, ROMANIA

AUTHOR(S)
Paiu, Madalina; Iancu, Ovidiu Gabriel; Breaban, Iuliana Gabriela
PUB. DATE
April 2017
SOURCE
Environmental Engineering & Management Journal (EEMJ);Apr2017, Vol. 16 Issue 4, p847
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Mining activity implies a series of environmental issues that can have short or long term consequences: deterioration of natural landscape, air, water and soil pollution, negative impact on aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems and on human health. The present study was performed on a mine dump from the Giumalau Mountains, Eastern Carpathians, Romania. A number of 28 samples were collected and analysed by ICP-MS for 9 minor elements (As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn) and also by XRD for the mineralogical composition. Results revealed a heterogeneous mixing of the mine waste, concentration for some of the elements varying several orders of magnitude: As concentration ranges between 1.02 - 48.21 mgâ‹…kg-1, Cd 0.15 - 2.06 mgâ‹…kg-1, Co 2.25 - 23.35 mgâ‹…kg-1, Cr 6.44 - 257.67 mgâ‹…kg-1, Cu 38.24 - 1081 mgâ‹…kg-1, Mn 271.9 - 1783 mgâ‹…kg-1, Ni 23.33 - 127.35 mgâ‹…kg-1, Pb 13.25 - 4824 mgâ‹…kg-1 and Zn 3.03 - 672.5 mgâ‹…kg-1. All elements exceeded the normal values according to the Romanian legislation and the intervention threshold has been topped by Cu and Pb. The geochemistry of the sterile corresponds with the mineralogical results as the metal ores identified are pyrite, sphalerite, chalcopyrite and galena. The PCA analysis revealed 3 main components that influence the chemical data: the mineralization (mainly pyrite and sphalerite), the natural background concentration and the oxidation process.
ACCESSION #
124182896

 

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