TITLE

A Quantitative Description of Vehicle Exhaust Particle Size Distributions in a Highway Tunnel

AUTHOR(S)
Abu-Allaban, Mahmoud; Rogers, C. Fred; Gertler, Alan W.
PUB. DATE
March 2004
SOURCE
Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (Air & Waste M;Mar2004, Vol. 54 Issue 3, p360
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
During the period May 18-May 22, 1999, a comprehensive study was conducted in the Tuscarora Mountain Tunnel on the Pennsylvania Turnpike to measure real-world motor-vehicle emissions. As part of this study, size distributions of particle emissions were determined using a scanning mobility particle sizer. Each measured size distribution consisted of two modes: a nucleation mode with midpoint diameter less than 20 nm and an accumulation mode with midpoint diameter less than 100 nm. The nucleation and accumulation components in some distributions also exhibited second maxima, which implies that such particle size distributions are superpositions of two particle size distributions. This hypothesis was utilized in fitting the particle size distributions that exhibited second maxima with four log-normal distributions, two for the nucleation mode and two for the accumulation mode. The fitting assumed that the observed particle size distribution was a combination of two bimodal log-normal distributions, one attributed to the heavy-duty diesel (HDD) vehicles and another attributed either to a different class of HDD vehicles or to the light-duty spark ignition vehicles. Based on this method, estimated particle production rates were 1.8 x 10[sup13] and 2.8 x 10[sup14] particles/vehicle-km for light-duty spark ignition and HDD vehicles, respectively, which agreed with independently obtained estimates.
ACCESSION #
12406887

 

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