TITLE

Teaching Motivational Interviewing to First-Year Medical Students to Improve Counseling Skills in Health Behavior Change

AUTHOR(S)
Poirier, Maria K.; Clark, Matthew M.; Cerhan, Jane H.; Pruthi, Sandhya; Geda, Yonas E.; Dale, Lowell C.
PUB. DATE
March 2004
SOURCE
Mayo Clinic Proceedings;Mar2004, Vol. 79 Issue 3, p327
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
• Objective: To examine the effectiveness of motivational interviewing training on improving medical students' knowledge of and confidence in their ability to counsel patients regarding health behavior change. • Subjects and Methods: In the spring of 2002,42 first-year medical students participated in a counseling course on health behavior change. Three small groups focused on learning and practicing motivational interviewing techniques using brief lectures, interactive class activities, student role-plays, and simulated patients. Students completed an identical precourse and postcourse questionnaire that measured their confidence and knowledge regarding counseling skills in health behavior change. • Results: The medical students reported improved confidence in their understanding of motivational interviewing after participation in the course (very confident, 77%) compared with before the course (very confident, 2%). Each of the 8 confidence items were compared before and after the course using a signed rank test. All comparisons indicated a significant improvement (P<001) in confidence. Regarding knowledge-based questions, students showed significant improvement; 31% of students answered all the questions correctly before the course, and 56% answered all the questions correctly after the course (P=.004). • Conclusion: These results show that teaching motivational interviewing techniques to first-year medical students can enhance student confidence in and knowledge of providing counseling to patients regarding health behavior change.
ACCESSION #
12389677

 

Related Articles

  • Non-adherence to medicines: not solved but solvable. Elliott, Rachel // Journal of Health Services Research & Policy;Jan2009, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p58 

    Non-adherence to medicines is common, with convincing evidence for adverse effects on patient health and costs to health systems. At least half of reported non-adherence is intentional. An extensive body of research suggests that, while patient characteristics may contribute to this behaviour,...

  • Health behaviors and needs of melanoma survivors. Palesh, Oxana; Aldridge-Gerry, Arianna; Bugos, Kelly; Pickham, David; Chen, Jie; Greco, Ralph; Swetter, Susan // Supportive Care in Cancer;Nov2014, Vol. 22 Issue 11, p2973 

    Purpose: Little is known about melanoma survivors' long-term symptoms, sun protection practices, and support needs from health providers. Methods: Melanoma survivors treated at Stanford Cancer Center from 1995 through 2011 were invited to complete a heath needs survey. We compared responses of...

  • Validation of the "Important Other" Climate Questionnaire: Assessing Autonomy Support for Health-Related Change. Williams, Geoffrey C.; Lynch, Martin F.; McGregor, Holly A.; Ryan, Richard M.; Sharp, Daryl; Deci, Edward L. // Families, Systems & Health: The Journal of Collaborative Family ;Summer2006, Vol. 24 Issue 2, p179 

    Self-determination theory suggests that autonomy support from others is important in motivating change of various health behaviors. The present research provides initial validation for the Important Other Climate Questionnaire for smoking (IOCQ–S) and for diet (IOCQ–D) in the...

  • A cross-sectional and semantic investigation of self-rated health in the northern Sweden MONICA-study. Waller, G”ran; Thal‚n, Peder; Janlert, Urban; Hamberg, Katarina; Forss‚n, Annika // BMC Medical Research Methodology;2012, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p154 

    Background: Self-Rated Health (SRH) correlates with risk of illness and death. But how are different questions of SRH to be interpreted? Does it matter whether one asks: "How would you assess your general state of health?"(General SRH) or "How would you assess your general state of health...

  • The runaway weight gain train: too many accelerators, not enough brakes. Swinburn, Boyd; Egger, Garry // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);9/25/2004, Vol. 329 Issue 7468, p736 

    Discusses obesity and argues that it is driven by a series of vicious cycles which present a challenge to weight management. Obesogenic environments which make unhealthy choices easier than health ones; Brakes which are acting against weight gain such as the social stigma and diseases related to...

  • Ethnic density in school classes and adolescent mental health. Gieling, Maike; Vollebergh, Wilma; Dorsselaer, Saskia van // Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology;Jun2010, Vol. 45 Issue 6, p639 

    The present study set out to examine the association between ethnic composition of school classes and prevalence of internalising and externalising problem behaviour among ethnic minority and majority students. Data were derived from the Dutch 2002 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC)...

  • New research overturns 10 health 'truths'.  // Consumer Reports on Health;Mar2006, Vol. 18 Issue 3, p1 

    The article presents a list of medical beliefs and practices that have undergone major changes. These medical uncertainties include the problems associated with using body-mass index as an indicator of whether one is overweight and thus at increased risk of health problems, notion that...

  • Results of Mujeres Felices por ser Saludables:. Fitzgibbon, Marian L.; Gapstur, Susan M.; Knight, Sara J. // Annals of Behavioral Medicine;2004, Vol. 28 Issue 2, p95 

    Background: Data are limited on the efficacy of health-focused interventions for young, low-acculturated Latino women. Because breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and the most common cause of cancer mortality in this population, combined interventions that address both early...

  • MATERNAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH OF ROMANI WOMEN. Rimarova, Kvetoslava // International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social ;2015, p679 

    In terms of reproductive health indicators, Slovakia Roma women have in comparison to other CEE countries relatively low numbers of unattended births (3%) and relatively high access to gynaecological testing (88%). According to the UNDP survey, 93.7% of Roma women claimed they had attended...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics