TITLE

New Cut-Off Point between T1 and T2 Renal Cell Carcinoma – Necessary for a Better Discriminatory Power of the TNM Classification

AUTHOR(S)
Wunderlich, H.; Dreihaupt, M.; Schlichter, A.; Kosmehl, H.; Reichelt, O.; Schubert, J.
PUB. DATE
February 2004
SOURCE
Urologia Internationalis;Feb2004, Vol. 72 Issue 2, p123
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: We evaluated the pathological features of tumor size, lymph node and distant metastases, cell type, growth pattern, infiltration pattern, histological grade, local invasion and venous involvement of organ-confined renal carcinomas. The aim of this study was the re-evaluation of the TNM classification and the tumor cut-off point between T1 and T2 for renal cell carcinomas from the 1987 to the 1997 versions. Materials and Methods: (1) Patients with renal cell carcinoma who had been operated between October 1992 and August 2001 were evaluated. 437 of 691 patients showed T1 and T2 tumors. These organ-confined tumors have been divided into five groups: group 1: tumor-size of 20 mm or less (n = 16), group 2: 21–30 mm (n = 79); group 3: 31–40 mm (n = 83; group 4: 41–70 mm (n = 184), and group 5: more than 70 mm in diameter (only T2, n = 75). Follow-up ranged from 0 to 100 months (average 28.63 months). (2) Of 15,347 autopsies performed in Jena between 1985 and 1996, 272 renal cell carcinomas were revealed. In 145 of these 272 cases renal cell carcinomas were limited to the kidney. These 145 tumors were divided accordingly into 5 groups: group 1: 20 mm or less (n = 33), group 2: 21– 30 mm (n = 31); group 3: 31–40 mm (n = 29); group 4: 41–70 mm (n = 42), and group 5: T2 (n = 10). Clinicopathological criteria examined were lymph node and distant metastases, cell type, growth pattern, infiltration pattern, histological grade, local invasion and venous involvement. To identify the optimal cut-off point between T1 and T2 disease the χ[sup 2] test was used. Results: (1) In the clinical series only 1.8% (n = 8) of all cases showed lymph node metastases. Distant metastases were shown in 57 cases (13.04%); within group 1: 0%, group 2: 7.59%, group 3: 1.20%, group 4: 15.76%, group 5: 28%. The tumor grading was statistically correlated with tumor size. (2) In the pathological series 94 of the evaluated 145 patients were downstaged from T2[sub 1987] to T1[sub 1997] . Lymph node and distant metastases were well correlated with tumor size. Lymph node metastases were seen in 0, 12.9, 31, 29.3 and 40% (group 1 to group 5) and distant metastases in 12.1, 25.8, 41.4, 47.7 and 60%. There were no statistically significant differences between T2[sub 1997] and T1[sub 3–7 cm] . The tumor grading was statistically correlated with tumor size (grade 1: in 66.7, 25.8, 17.2, 9.5 and 0%). Conclusion: Our data suggest that the current cut-off diameter between T1 and T2 renal cell carcinomas (7 cm) is too high. Lowering the cut-off level will result in better discriminatory power of the TNM classification. From our data, we conclude that the cut-off diameter should be lowered to 3.5 cm (p < 0.001). Copyright © 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel
ACCESSION #
12246832

 

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