Influence of codeposition on the performance of CuPc–C[sub 60] heterojunction photovoltaic devices

Sullivan, P.; Heutz, S.; Schultes, S.M.; Jones, T.S.
February 2004
Applied Physics Letters;2/16/2004, Vol. 84 Issue 7, p1210
Academic Journal
We investigate the effects of introducing codeposited mixed layers on the performance of copper phthalocyanine (CuPc)–fullerene (C[sub 60]) heterojunction photovoltaic devices. Significant improvements in device performance are seen when mixed layers are used compared to discrete layers. The effects of composition are examined for a series of devices incorporating mixed layers with well-defined composition ratios. Atomic force microscopy and electronic absorption spectroscopy studies show that the mixed layer films are smooth and amorphous, and undergo intermolecular intermixing. Finally, the use of multiple mixed layers leads to additional enhancements due to the creation of a gradient of donor–acceptor compositions that results in improved channels for charge transport. © 2004 American Institute of Physics.


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