From insecure to secure employment: changes in work, health, health related behaviours, and sickness absence

Virtanen, M.; Kivimäki, M.; Elovainio, M.; Vahtera, J.; Ferrie, J. E.
December 2003
Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Dec2003, Vol. 60 Issue 12, p948
Academic Journal
Aims: To determine whether change in employment status (from fixed term to permanent employment) is followed by changes in work, health, health related behaviours, and sickness absence. Methods: Prospective cohort study with four year follow up. Data from 4851 (710 male, 4141 female) hospital employees having a fixed term or permanent job contract on entry to the study were collected at baseline and follow up. Results: At baseline, compared to permanent employees, fixed term employees reported lower levels of workload, job security, and job satisfaction. They also reported greater work ability. All fixed term employees had a lower rate of medically certified sickness absence at baseline. Baseline rate ratios for those who remained fixed term were 0.64 (95% Cl 0.55 to 0.75), and were 0.50 (95% Cl 0.34 to 0.75) for those who later became permanent. Continuous fixed term employment was not associated with changes in the outcome measures. Change from fixed term to permanent employment was followed by an increase in job security, enduring job satisfaction, and increased medically certified sickness absence (compared to permanent workers rate ratio 0.96 (95% Cl 0.80 to 1.16)). Other indicators of work, health, and health related behaviours remained unchanged. Conclusion: Receiving a permanent job contract after fixed term employment is associated with favourable changes in job security and job satisfaction. The corresponding increase in sickness absence might be due to a reduction in presenteeism and the wearing off of health related selection.


Related Articles

  • Foundations of Job Satisfaction in the Media Industries. Defleur, Margaret H. // Journalism Educator;Spring92, Vol. 47 Issue 1, p3 

    This article discusses the question of job satisfaction of the workers in the media industry in the U.S. The mass media and related industries make up a significant part of the American labor force. In 1989, more than 155,000 students were preparing to enter that labor force and were enrolled in...

  • Working through the allotment. Schoneboom, Abigail; May, Julian // Ephemera: Theory & Politics in Organization;2013, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p137 

    Using photography and critical reflection, this article explores the relationship between contemporary allotments and paid employment in the UK, making connections to contemporary debates about the future of work. Via interview data and portraits of plotholders in Newcastle upon Tyne it...

  • Notes on Current Labor Statistics.  // Monthly Labor Review;Jan2010, Vol. 133 Issue 1, p83 

    The article presents various issues that are cited at the "The Bureau of Labor Statistics," including the comparative indicators, the employment and unemployment data and the job opening and labor turnover survey. In comparative indicators the labor force participation rate and unemployment...

  • The supportive spouse at work: Does being work-linked help? Ferguson, Merideth; Carlson, Dawn; Michele Kacmar, K.; Halbesleben, Jonathon R. B.; Kacmar, K Michele // Journal of Occupational Health Psychology;Jan2016, Vol. 21 Issue 1, p37 

    Using a sample of 639 dual-career couples, we examined the role of work-related spousal support on work-family balance and subsequent outcomes for both the job incumbent as well as his or her spouse. We further investigated whether the resource of work-related spousal support contributed to...

  • The Meanings of Work for Older Workers. Smyer, Michael A.; Pitt-Catsouphes, Marcie // Generations;Spring2007, Vol. 31 Issue 1, p23 

    The article discusses the reasons why older people engage into work in the U.S. The author explores the different views of older people concerning work and how their understanding of work is affected by several factors including financial, health, job satisfaction, family as well as workplace...

  • Non-Standard Employment after Age 50: How Precarious Is It? D’Amours, Martine // Relations Industrielles / Industrial Relations;Spring2009, Vol. 64 Issue 2, p209 

    Based on a qualitative study of the trajectories of 22 workers aged 50 or older who lost or left a standard job and then undertook some form of non-standard employment, this article wants to shed light on the quality of non-standard jobs often held by seniors. Can these jobs be categorized as...

  • Need and supply gap in occupational health manpower in India. Sharma, Kavya; Zodpey, Sanjay P; Tiwari, Rajnarayan R // Toxicology & Industrial Health;Jul2013, Vol. 29 Issue 6, p483 

    Industrial growth in India has resulted in increased employment opportunities, thereby inflating the size of the workforce engaged in both organized and unorganized sectors. This workforce is exposed to various occupational factors at workplace and hence is susceptible to occupational diseases,...

  • LUCRÄ‚TORUL "VÂRSTNIC": ROLUL SÄ‚U ÃŽN CONTEXTUL ECONOMIC EUROPEAN ÅžI NAÅ¢IONAL ACTUAL. Şanta, Carmen // Acta Medica Transilvanica;jun2011, Vol. 16 Issue 2, p29 

    Objective: this is a study of the situation of the labour force of over 50 years of age in Europe, from the perspective of increase of the employability of the aging worker's necessity. Methods: the analyse of the studies made in the last 30 years in Europe, regarding the causes of early...

  • Educational Inequalities in Exit from Paid Employment among Dutch Workers: The Influence of Health, Lifestyle and Work. Robroek, Suzan J. W.; Rongen, Anne; Arts, Coos H.; Otten, Ferdy W. H.; Burdorf, Alex; Schuring, Merel // PLoS ONE;8/7/2015, Vol. 10 Issue 8, p1 

    Background: Individuals with lower socioeconomic status are at increased risk of involuntary exit from paid employment. To give sound advice for primary prevention in the workforce, insight is needed into the role of mediating factors between socioeconomic status and labour force participation....


Read the Article


Sign out of this library

Other Topics