Conservation and Linear Rossby-Mode Dispersion on the Spherical C Grid

Thuburn, John; Staniforth, Andrew
February 2004
Monthly Weather Review;Feb2004, Vol. 132 Issue 2, p641
Academic Journal
Discretizations of the linearized shallow-water equations on a spherical C grid are considered. Constraints on the schemes' coefficients that ensure conservation of mass, angular momentum, and energy are derived. These results generalize previously published results to the case of nonuniform and rotated grids (but are restricted to the linearized equations). Grids with Ï… stored at the poles and grids with u and h stored at the poles are both considered. Energy conservation is shown to be problematic for grids with u and h at the poles. It is also shown that an inappropriate averaging of the Coriolis terms leads to a misrepresentation of the Rossby modes with shortest meridional scale. The appropriate averaging is shown to be compatible with the constraints required for conservation, and, indeed, the energy-conserving averaging of the Coriolis terms improves the dispersion properties of Rossby modes.


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