TITLE

Management of potential gas embolus during closure of an atrial septal defect in a three-year-old

AUTHOR(S)
Johnson, Charles E.; Faulkner, Sherry C.; Schmitz, Michael L.; Drummond-Webb, Jonathan J.
PUB. DATE
November 2003
SOURCE
Perfusion;Nov2003, Vol. 18 Issue 6, p381
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Gas embolism occurring in adult patients supported with cardiopulmonary bypass is usually associated with mechanical complications. Management of gas embolism is less often described for the pediatric or neonatal patient. Measures to counteract gas embolism must be undertaken immediately if a satisfactory outcome is to be achieved. Here, the management of a three-year-old female patient, who was undergoing repair of a secundum atrial septal defect when the aortic cannula became dislodged and air entered the aorta, is described. Immediate implementation of an air embolism protocol, including (among other maneuvers) removal of air from the circuit, retrograde cerebral perfusion via the superior vena cava, and induction of cerebral hypothermia, may have aided in an acceptable outcome.
ACCESSION #
12087821

 

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