TITLE

Metabolomic Approaches to Explore Chemical Diversity of Human Breast-Milk, Formula Milk and Bovine Milk

AUTHOR(S)
Linxi Qian; Aihua Zhao; Yinan Zhang; Tianlu Chen; Zeisel, Steven H.; Wei Jia; Wei Cai
PUB. DATE
December 2016
SOURCE
International Journal of Molecular Sciences;Dec2016, Vol. 17 Issue 12, p2128
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Although many studies have been conducted on the components present in human breast milk (HM), research on the differences of chemical metabolites between HM, bovine milk (BM) and formula milk (FM) is limited. This study was to explore the chemical diversity of HM, BM and FM by metabolomic approaches. GC-TOFMS and UPLC-QTOFMS were applied to investigate the metabolic compositions in 30 HM samples, 20 FM samples and 20 BM samples. Metabolite profiling identified that most of the non-esterified fatty acids, which reflected the hydrolysis of triglycerides, were much more abundant in HM than those in FM and BM, except for palmitic acid and stearic acid. The levels of tricarboxylic acid (TCA) intermediates were much higher in FM and BM than those in HM. Each type of milk also showed its unique composition of free amino acids and free carbohydrates. In conclusion, higher levels of non-esterified saturated fatty acids with aliphatic tails <16 carbons, monounsaturated fatty acids and polyunsaturated fatty acids and lower levels of TCA intermediates are characteristic of HM, as compared with FM and BM. The content of non-esterified fatty acids may reflect the hydrolysis of triglycerides in different milk types.
ACCESSION #
120516952

 

Related Articles

  • Milk yield rising. OTTE, JOHN // Wallaces Farmer;Mar2013, Vol. 138 Issue 3, p99 

    The article reports on the increase in milk production at 200.3 billion pounds in the U.S. in 2012. INSET: Feed costs.

  • 'Chill out' your summer cow rations. Carson, Vicky // Michigan Farmer (0026-2153);Jul2011, p33 

    The article discusses the importance of increased water access to boost production and avoid falling milk yield of cows caused by warm weather.

  • Microwave-testing forages results in higher milk output. Greenwood, Linda // Prairie Farmer;Oct2012, Vol. 184 Issue 10, p80 

    The article reports on the benefits of using microwave-testing forages in increasing higher milk output in the U.S.

  • Consistency matters as much as production. LIPPERT, MATT // Wisconsin Agriculturist;Dec2015, Vol. 246 Issue 12, p46 

    The article outlines several factors to consider in monitoring the consistency and desirability of cow environment to better improve milk production.

  • Weekly milk producation trends in early lactation period of Nagpuri buffalo. Sahare, M. G.; Sawaimul, A. D.; Ali, S. Z.; Sirothia, A. R.; Bhojane, G. R. // Veterinary World;Jul2009, Vol. 2 Issue 7, p278 

    Nagpuri breed of buffalo is recognized breed, mostly found in Central India particularly in Vidharbha region of Maharashtra.The early milk production record were collected for each buffalo from 1st week of lactation to 15th week of lactation .The weekly milk production of Nagpuri buffalo was...

  • Milk price to decline, production to slow. Otte, John // Farmer;Nov2011, Vol. 129 Issue 11, p57 

    The author discusses the anticipated decline in milk price and slowdown in milk production in 2011 in the U.S.

  • Untitled. Cooper, Olivia // Farmers Weekly;2/14/2014, Vol. 161 Issue 5, p26 

    The article reveals that British milk production reached a 12-year high for the month in January 2014 at 1.17 billion litres.

  • Comparative Study on the Effects of Organic and Conventional Production Systems on Sheep Milk Yield and Chemical Composition. Sauer, Ioan-Walter; Gavojdian, Dinu; Voia, Sorin-Octavian; Sauer, Maria; Albulescu, Mihaela; Dragomir, Carmen; Padeanu, Ioan // Scientific Papers: Animal Science & Biotechnologies / Lucrari St;2016, Vol. 49 Issue 2, p182 

    Objective of the current research was to evaluate the effects of the production system (conventional vs. organic), on milk yield and major chemical components from milk, in Turcana sheep reared under highland conditions. In the conventional system, the ewes had an average milk production of...

  • Effects of Crossbreeding Lacaune with Turcana Breed on Milk Production Traits. Sauer, Ioan-Walter; Gavojdian, Dinu; Voia, Sorin-Octavian; Sauer, Maria; Albulescu, Mihaela; Trica, Ana-Gina; Dragomir, Carmen; Padeanu, Ioan // Scientific Papers: Animal Science & Biotechnologies / Lucrari St;2016, Vol. 49 Issue 2, p186 

    Objective of the current research was to evaluate the effects of crossbreeding the French Lacaune breed with Romanian indigenous Turcana sheep on milk production traits in crossbred ewes. Milk yield in Turcana ewes was on average 77.98±2.73 kg, with limits ranging between 64.67kg and 92.01kg....

  • Study on Quantity and Quality of Sheep Milk Sampled from Three Areas of Timis County. Voia, Octavian Sorin; Padeanu, Ioan; Gajojdian, Dinu; Sauer, Maria; Sauer, Walter Ioan; Dragomir, Carmen; Albulescu, Mihaela // Scientific Papers: Animal Science & Biotechnologies / Lucrari St;2016, Vol. 49 Issue 2, p190 

    Investigations were carried out in April on raw sheep milk collected from three centres from west (V), centre (C) and east (E) part of Timis County. The milk was collected by a commercial dairy-factory, with the purpose to monitor quantity (l), the fat content (%), protein content (%), pH, the...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics