A vision for Iran's fuel cell and hydrogen development

Alipour, M.; Sheykhan, A.
January 2017
International Journal of Environmental Science & Technology (IJE;Jan2017, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p193
Academic Journal
Hydrogen combined with fuel cell (FC) technology has been widely discussed as a long-term fuel option to address environmental and energy security concerns. Iran, despite outlining a long-term plan to develop its renewable energies' (REs) infrastructures, is faced with difficulties in deploying fuel cell hydrogen (FCH). These obstacles-led by lack of adequate funding-have caused a slowdown in the government-driven initiatives in recent years, thus resulting in projects delays and suspensions. This paper focuses on current status of Iran's FCH within and among leading and neighboring countries. Barriers and challenges of the three main actors (government, university, and industry) on Iran's FCH development are analyzed and then supported with a policy perspective. It is shown that the government obligations play a significant role to overcome these obstacles and also act as the main driving force to perform the required actions. The paper also proposes strategic measures in a short-, medium-, and long-term framework to promote the technology in Iran in hopes of a clear national policy and a proper vision. It is shown that the responsibility for the short- and medium-term actions lies predominantly upon the government while it will be fully devolved to the private sector in the long term.


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