A Rare Cause of Dysphagia - Dysphagia Aortica -- Complicated with Intravascular Disseminated Coagulopathy

BADILA, Elisabeta; BARTOS, Daniela; BALAHURA, Cristian; DARABAN, Ana Maria
January 2014
Maedica - a Journal of Clinical Medicine;2014, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p83
Academic Journal
Case Study
Dysphagia aortica is an uncommon condition defined by the difficulty in swallowing caused by extrinsic compression of the esophagus due to an ectatic, tortuous, or aneurysmatic atherosclerotic thoracic aorta. We report the case of a 93 year old woman with dysphagia secondary to extrinsic compression by a giant sacciform aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta. As a consequence of small liniar dissection tracts of the aneurysm, the patient developed disseminated intravascular coagulopathy with spontaneous forearm hematoma and multiple bruising, a clinical setting with a difficult therapeutic approach. Taking into account that aneurysm of the thoracic aorta is a very rare cause of dysphagia, the case report on this rare cause should contribute to better diagnosis of dysphagia aortica and swallowing difficulties in general. Dissecting aneurysm of the thoracic aorta is a very rare cause of DIC so the combination of easy bruising or spontaneous hematoma and an aortic aneurysm demands special caution.


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