TITLE

Gender Relations and Child Food Security in Rural Households -- Implications for Uganda's Nutrition Policy

AUTHOR(S)
Kampire, Pamela; Mubangizi, Betty C.
PUB. DATE
July 2016
SOURCE
Loyola Journal of Social Sciences;Jul-Dec2016, Vol. 30 Issue 2, p213
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
In Uganda, there are deliberate efforts aimed at reducing malnutrition through several development partners and appropriate policies. However, although a conducive policy environment exists to allow the proliferation of nutrition interventions in rural Uganda, there has been no enquiry into how such policy, in practice, impacts the intended beneficiaries. In particular, questions remain unanswered with regard to the gender relations at play within households and how this impacts nutrition. This is despite the fact that gender relations form the basis on which decisions on nutrition in the household are made. Accordingly, while Uganda's Nutrition Policy targets a composite and seemingly homogeneous household, it overlooks the gender relations and power dynamics within households. Within households, variously positioned actors ' split on the basis of gender and age ' go through a laborious bargaining regime and make trade-offs in order to benefit from nutrition policies and strategies. Knowledge of how decisions on feeding are made at household level with regard to gender and age, would go a long way to ensuring more effective nutrition policies. This paper reports on a study that set out to establish the influences of gender relations on child nutrition. The study was quantitative and qualitative and used appropriate sampling techniques to choose respondents from selected areas of rural Uganda. Findings suggest a positive correlation between good nutrition status and gender relations. Households with children in the normal nutrition category tend to agree strongly on most of the issues around gender relations ' compared to households with malnourished children. In households where there is equal control of resources, allocation of resources and decision-making between both men and women, the children are likely to have good nutritional status. The opposite is also true ' in households where there is unequal control of resources between men and women, children are likely to have poor nutrition status. In light of these findings, the study recommends that nutrition policies and programmes be premised on an understanding of gender relations in terms of resource control, resource allocation and decision-making within households.
ACCESSION #
120485431

 

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