Tomols and Ti'ats

MacMillan, Dianne
January 1996
Missions of the Los Angeles Area;1996, p23
To travel to the nearby islands, the mainland Chumash Indians built lightweight canoes known as tomols, constructed from thin planks of pine. Tongva craftspeople also made plank canoes. Their boats were known as ti'ats. The Native American artisans fashioned their canoes without the benefit of iron tools. By covering the seams with tar, workers made sure the boats were watertight. From these canoes Chumash and Tongva hunters could spear large fish and sea mammals. The boats also carried goods and people to and from the local islands.


Related Articles

  • The Polynesian Connection. Edgar, Blake // Archaeology;Mar/Apr2005, Vol. 58 Issue 2, p42 

    The article discusses whether ancient Hawaiians taught California Indians how to make ocean canoes. For the Chumash people, the sewn-plank canoe, or tomol, anchored both their identity and economy. Among North American Indians, only the Chumash, and later the neighboring Gabrielino, built...

  • THE CHUMASH BRAVE THE PACIFIC AGAIN. Graham, Chuck // Native Peoples Magazine;Mar/Apr2007, Vol. 20 Issue 2, p40 

    The article offers information on Chumash Indians. The Chumash Indians made use of Elye'wun, a functional Chumash tomol or Native American canoe, to cross the Pacific off the coast of southern California toward their ancestral homeland of Limuw, now known as Santa Cruz Island. Before 2001, the...

  • Passing Down the Traditions: A Tomol Family.  // News from Native California;Winter2007/2008, Vol. 21 Issue 2, p26 

    An interview is presented with Michael Cordero, Charisse Cordero and their family about their association with the Chumash Maritime Association. When asked how they became associated with the tomol canoeing group, Michael says that his cousin got him interested. Michael believes that the Chumash...

  • The science of building a birchbark canoe.  // Tribal College Journal;Winter2000, Vol. 12 Issue 2, p20 

    Expounds on the ecological knowledge needed to build a birchbark canoe. Consideration of the canoe as the icon signifying indigenous science and technology; Selection of time of the year for harvesting the bark; Materials used for making the canoe watertight.

  • CANOES.  // Encyclopedia of North American Indians (Houghton Mifflin);1996, p98 

    Canoes are the most common type of boat used by Indians. In the subarctic and Arctic, as well as on the plateau and in the northern portions of the eastern woodlands, native people built wooden frames for their canoes and covered them with bark or animal hides. In the West and in the Arctic,...

  • The Birchbark Canoe: Back From the Brink. Behne, C. Ted // Native Peoples Magazine;Jul/Aug2001, Vol. 14 Issue 5, p53 

    The article provides information on the Native-built birchbark canoes. It is said that every canoes built today owes its beautiful lines and functional shape to the birchbark canoes first developed by generations of North American Indian tribes. As early as 1535, birchbark canoes have impressed...

  • How'd They Do That?  // Native Peoples Magazine;Jul/Aug2001, Vol. 14 Issue 5, p55 

    The article describes the process for building a birchbark canoe. Unlike traditional European boat-building practices, birchbark canoe construction is counterintuitive. It starts by rolling out a sheet of bark unto a clean, prepared ground space. Instead of starting with a rigid framework,...

  • Tomol Evening. Trevor, Terra // News from Native California;Winter2015/2016, Vol. 29 Issue 2, p22 

    A personal narrative is presented which explores the author's experience of camping at Limuw, Santa Cruz Island off the coast of California to participate in the annual Tomol trek of the Chumash people in September 2015.

  • A Bridge Across the Pacific. Williams, Karin // Native Peoples Magazine;Spring96, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p40 

    The article highlights the celebration of the historical arrival of the legendary Hakule'a and Hawai'iloa at Puget Sound in Washington, D.C. Organizer Marilyn Jones of the Suquamish Nation of Washington State has stated that the ceremony is a resurgence, re-birth of canoeing culture and the...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics