TITLE

Lung protective mechanical ventilation strategies in cardiothoracic critical care: a retrospective study

AUTHOR(S)
Zochios, Vasileios; Hague, Matthew; Giraud, Kimberly; Jones, Nicola
PUB. DATE
November 2016
SOURCE
International Journal of General Medicine;Nov2016, Vol. 9, p415
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
A body of evidence supports the use of low tidal volumes in ventilated patients without lung pathology to slow progress to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) due to ventilator associated lung injury. We undertook a retrospective chart review and tested the hypothesis that tidal volume is a predictor of mortality in cardiothoracic (medical and surgical) critical care patients receiving invasive mechanical ventilation. Independent predictors of mortality in our study included: type of surgery, albumin, H+, bilirubin, and fluid balance. In particular, it is important to note that cardiac, thoracic, and transplant surgical patients were associated with lower mortality. However, our study did not sample equally from The Berlin Definition of ARDS severity categories (mild, moderate, and severe hypoxemia). Although our study was not adequately powered to detect a difference in mortality between these groups, it will inform the development of a large prospective cohort study exploring the role of low tidal volume ventilation in cardiothoracic critically ill patients.
ACCESSION #
119926049

 

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