PART THREE: Secularization of the Missions

Abbink, Emily
January 1996
Missions of Monterey Bay Area;1996, p54
In 1810 New Spain began fighting for independence from Spain. Straining for money and supplies, Spain stopped sending ships to missions. In 1821 New Spain won its war against Spain and became the Republic of Mexico. In the 1820's and 1830's, Mexico passed a series of laws to take power away from the Franciscans. This process called secularization meant that the mission churches would stay open but would be run by secular priests. As the mission era came to a close, the first wagon trains full of families from the United States rolled in from the east. By the early 1900's, only about 17,000 Native Americans were living in the state. INSETS: Untitled;Lorenzo Asisara;Eloisa Rodríguez.


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