TITLE

PREVALENCE OF BRUCELLOSIS IN DAIRY CATTLE IN ORGANIZED AND SMALLHOLDER FARMS IN SOME SELECTED AREAS OF BANGLADESH

AUTHOR(S)
Sarker, M. A. S.; Rahman, M. S.; Islam, M. T.; Rahman, A. K. M. A.; Rahman, M. B.; Rahman, M. F.
PUB. DATE
July 2014
SOURCE
Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine;2014, Vol. 12 Issue 2, p167
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Brucellosis causes a great economic loss to the livestock industries through abortion, infertility, birth of weak and dead off spring, increased calving interval and reduction of milk yield and it is endemic in Bangladesh. In this study we collected milk and blood samples simultaneously from 533 cows of Central Cattle Breeding and Dairy Farm, Savar, Dhaka and different Upazilas of Gaibandha and Mymensingh District. Five hundred thirty three samples were examined for antibodies to Brucella using the Milk Ring Test (MRT) and Rose Bengal Test (RBT). Overall 2.62 % of milk samples were positive according to MRT, while 2.06 % of the serum samples were positive to the RBT. Only 6 (1.13 %) of the samples were positive for both test (MRT and RBT). Out of 312 samples only 10 (3.20 %) were positive to MRT while 8 ( 2.06%) were positive to RBT in Holstein Friesian cross (p>0.05) on the other hand out of 221 samples only 4 (1.80%) were positive to MRT while 3 (1.35%) were positive to RBT in Sahiwal cross .The prevalence of brucellosis was significantly higher in the age group of > 5 years than other age groups (p≤0.01) on both test (MRT 2.75% and RBT 2.25%).Based on parity, significantly higher prevalence (MRT 2.93% and RBT 2.44%) of MRT and RBT were obtained in parity 3-5 in comparison to other parity group (p≤0.01). It is, however, obvious that although the MRT is 1st-line screening tests for brucellosis in cows in some countries, their lack of specificity is of concern. Therefore, the requirement for other confirmatory tests that are more specific should be used for the diagnosis of the disease, especially in Bangladesh.
ACCESSION #
119215341

 

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