Taylor, Edmond
December 1940
Public Opinion Quarterly;12/1/40, Vol. 4 Issue 4, p630
Academic Journal
The article presents information on a controversy regarding the collapse of France during the Battle of France. Most of the spokesmen for this point of view had a clear realization that the Battle of France was lost and occupation of the metropolitan territory by the enemy inevitable. Though the truth was concealed from the public it was realized that France would not be able to stand the superiority of the German Army in armaments, numbers and tactics. The division of opinion was spread over two concepts. The first concept identifies France with a political abstraction: The Indivisible Republic. The ideal of the other party was "Eternal France," a mystical entity existing independently of regimes and frontiers but linked in some supra-logical way with the soil of France and French blood. It is the underlying psychological factor which explains the lack of initiative, paralyzing redtape and sheer neglect, so frequently and legitimately cited as the causes of France's failure to prepare adequately during the inactive phase of the war. According to the author in a democratic country there is an intimate relation between opinion and morale and the morale is good only when the fundamental principle of parliamentary democracy majority rule within constitutional and reasonable limits is observed.


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